Zingel asper, Rhone streber

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Zingel asper (Linnaeus, 1758)

Rhone streber
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drawing shows typical species in Percidae.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Teleostei > Perciformes/Percoidei (Perchs) > Percidae (Perches) > Luciopercinae
Etymology: Zingel: German, Zingel = any percoid fish of genus Aspro; 1803 (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水 居于水底的. 溫帶; 49°N - 43°N, 3°E - 9°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Europe: Rhône drainage, except Lake Geneva basin (France, Switzerland). Originaly widespread, but following habitat alterations, distribution is now much fragmented and restricted. Main subsisting populations in the middle Doubs (France, Switzerland) and Durance and Ardeche (southern France).
歐洲: 羅恩河流域。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 556); 最大体重: 100.00 g (Ref. 30578)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 8 - 13; 背的软条 (总数): 10-14; 臀棘 1-3; 臀鳍软条: 8 - 12; 脊椎骨: 43 - 45. The presence of 57-65 + 3-6 scales along lateral line distinguishes uniquely this species from its congeners. Can be further separated from other species by the combination of the following characters: first dorsal fin with 8-9 spines; second dorsal fin with 1-2 simple and 9-12½ branched rays; scaleless cheeks (Ref. 59043). Caudal fin with 17 soft rays (Ref. 40476).
尾鳍有 17个软鳍条。 (参考文献 40476)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

A short-lived species reported to live in fast-flowing rivers with a gravel substrate (Ref. 30578). Occurs in main course of rivers and large streams and in riffles. Found on stone bottom (Ref. 59043). Lurks on the bottom during the day and comes out for crepuscular feeding (Ref. 11941). Feeds on aquatic invertebrates. Larvae feed on plankton under surface, then at about 2.5 cm SL, they move to benthic habitats. Attains first sexual maturity at 2-4 years of age. Spawns in deeper parts of riffles. Deposits on gravel strongly adhesive eggs, 2.2 mm in diameter, which hatch in about 14 days at 13° C (Ref. 59043). Threatened due to habitat destruction and pollution (Ref. 26100).

一种生命期短的种是发现于快速流动的河具有一个砾石底部.(参考文献 30578) 然后变成底栖的它何时达到 2-2.5 公分的大小,最初大洋性。 产卵在三月到四月,在石头或植物之上。 在底部上的潜伏在白天期间而且为晨昏的进食出来.(参考文献 91141) 吃小型无脊椎动物,昆虫幼生与小型甲壳动物。 (参考文献 30578) 受到威胁的由于栖息地破坏与污染.(参考文献 26100) 非常稀有的鱼.(参考文献 30578)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Probably spawns as Zingel streber over gravel.歐洲: 羅恩河流域。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 126983)

  极度濒危 (CR) (B2ab(iii)); Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 没有兴趣
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00225 - 0.00928), b=3.11 (2.92 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.37 se; based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100).