Zingel asper, Rhone streber

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Zingel asper (Linnaeus, 1758)

Rhone streber
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Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Perciformes/Percoidei (Perchs) > Percidae (Perches) > Luciopercinae
Etymology: Zingel: German, Zingel = any percoid fish of genus Aspro; 1803 (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; süßwasser demersal. Temperate; 49°N - 43°N, 3°E - 9°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Europe: Rhône drainage, except Lake Geneva basin (France, Switzerland). Originaly widespread, but following habitat alterations, distribution is now much fragmented and restricted. Main subsisting populations in the middle Doubs (France, Switzerland) and Durance and Ardeche (southern France).

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 556); max. veröff. Gewicht: 100.00 g (Ref. 30578)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 8 - 13; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 10-14; Afterflossenstacheln 1-3; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 8 - 12; Wirbelzahl: 43 - 45. The presence of 57-65 + 3-6 scales along lateral line distinguishes uniquely this species from its congeners. Can be further separated from other species by the combination of the following characters: first dorsal fin with 8-9 spines; second dorsal fin with 1-2 simple and 9-12½ branched rays; scaleless cheeks (Ref. 59043). Caudal fin with 17 soft rays (Ref. 40476).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

A short-lived species reported to live in fast-flowing rivers with a gravel substrate (Ref. 30578). Occurs in main course of rivers and large streams and in riffles. Found on stone bottom (Ref. 59043). Lurks on the bottom during the day and comes out for crepuscular feeding (Ref. 11941). Feeds on aquatic invertebrates. Larvae feed on plankton under surface, then at about 2.5 cm SL, they move to benthic habitats. Attains first sexual maturity at 2-4 years of age. Spawns in deeper parts of riffles. Deposits on gravel strongly adhesive eggs, 2.2 mm in diameter, which hatch in about 14 days at 13° C (Ref. 59043). Threatened due to habitat destruction and pollution (Ref. 26100).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Probably spawns as Zingel streber over gravel.

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 126983)

  vom Aussterben bedroht (CR) (B2ab(iii)); Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: nicht kommerziell
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Internet Quellen

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Gattung, Arten | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: Genom, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Gehe zu, Suchen | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00225 - 0.00928), b=3.11 (2.92 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100).