Zingel asper, Rhone streber

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Zingel asper (Linnaeus, 1758)

Rhone streber
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drawing shows typical species in Percidae.

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> Perciformes/Percoidei (Perchs) > Percidae (Perches) > Luciopercinae
Etymology: Zingel: German, Zingel = any percoid fish of genus Aspro; 1803 (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoet water demersaal. Temperate; 49°N - 43°N, 3°E - 9°E

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Europe: Rhône drainage, except Lake Geneva basin (France, Switzerland). Originaly widespread, but following habitat alterations, distribution is now much fragmented and restricted. Main subsisting populations in the middle Doubs (France, Switzerland) and Durance and Ardeche (southern France).

Grootte / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm TL mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 556); max. gepubliceerd gewicht: 100.00 g (Ref. 30578)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 8 - 13; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 10-14; Anale stekels 1-3; Anale zachte stralen: 8 - 12; Wervels: 43 - 45. The presence of 57-65 + 3-6 scales along lateral line distinguishes uniquely this species from its congeners. Can be further separated from other species by the combination of the following characters: first dorsal fin with 8-9 spines; second dorsal fin with 1-2 simple and 9-12½ branched rays; scaleless cheeks (Ref. 59043). Caudal fin with 17 soft rays (Ref. 40476).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (bv. epibenthic)

A short-lived species reported to live in fast-flowing rivers with a gravel substrate (Ref. 30578). Occurs in main course of rivers and large streams and in riffles. Found on stone bottom (Ref. 59043). Lurks on the bottom during the day and comes out for crepuscular feeding (Ref. 11941). Feeds on aquatic invertebrates. Larvae feed on plankton under surface, then at about 2.5 cm SL, they move to benthic habitats. Attains first sexual maturity at 2-4 years of age. Spawns in deeper parts of riffles. Deposits on gravel strongly adhesive eggs, 2.2 mm in diameter, which hatch in about 14 days at 13° C (Ref. 59043). Threatened due to habitat destruction and pollution (Ref. 26100).

Levenscyclus en paargedrag Maturiteit | Voortplanting | Paaien | Eieren | Fecunditeit | Larven

Probably spawns as Zingel streber over gravel.

Hoofdreferentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 126983)

  Ernstig bedreigd (CR) (B2ab(iii)); Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaar voor de mens

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: van geen belang
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Estimates based on models

Fylogenetische diversiteitsindex (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00225 - 0.00928), b=3.11 (2.92 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisch niveau (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100).