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Ballerus sapa (Pallas, 1814)

White-eye bream
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Ballerus sapa
Female picture by Otel, V.

Classification / Names প্রচলিত নাম সমূহ | প্রতিনাম সমূহ | Catalog of Fishes(গণ , প্রজাতি ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Leuciscidae (Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: More on author: Pallas.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range বাস্তুসংস্থান

; স্বাদু পানি; ঈষৎ লোনা সমুদতলে ভাসমান বেনথোপেলাজিক. Temperate; 10°C - 25°C (Ref. 13614); 65°N - 45°N, 12°E - 69°E

বিতরণ দেশ সমূহ | এফ এ ও এলাকাসমূহ | বাস্তুতন্ত্র | দৃষ্টিগোচর | Point map | প্রচলন | Faunafri

Europe and Asia: large rivers draining to Black, Azov, Caspian and Aral Seas. Introduced or native to Northern Dvina drainage (White Sea basin) where it is presently spreading from warmer upper reaches (Vychegda system) northward. Introduced in River Volkhov (a tributary of Lake Ladoga), in Rhine in 1995 and invasive in Vistula drainage, coming from Black Sea basin through Prypet-Bug canal (connecting Dniepr and Vistula drainages).

আকৃতি / ওজন / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm TL পুরুষ/ লিঙ্গ অনিধর্ারিত ; (Ref. 27368); common length : 15.0 cm TL পুরুষ/ লিঙ্গ অনিধর্ারিত ; (Ref. 556)

Short description সনাক্তকারী নির্দেশক | বহিঃ অঙ্গ সংস্থান | মরফোমেট্রিক্স

Differs from Ballerus ballerus by having small and inferior mouth, 47-54 scales on lateral line, and large eye, about equal to snout length (Ref. 59043).

জীববিজ্ঞান     শব্দকোষ (উদাহরণ স্বরূপ epibenthic)

Occurs in fast flowing rivers. Eastern, brackish populations enter the lower reach of rivers for spawning (Ref. 1441). Inhabit large lowland rivers and estuaries. Active at night. Prey on benthic invertebrates. Semi-anadromous populations forage in large brackish-water habitats in estuaries around Black Sea. Spawn in large aggregations in fast-flowing water on gravel bottom or submerged vegetation. Usually rare and threatened due to water pollution (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturities | প্রজনন | Spawnings | Egg(s) | Fecundities | শুককীট

Spawn in large aggregations in fast flowing water on gravel bottom or submerged vegetation. Semi-anadromous individuals begin spawning migration in November in Kura (Ref. 59043). Sticky eggs attach themselves to stones or plants (Ref. 9953).

Main reference Upload your references | সূত্র সংখ্যা | সমম্বয়কারী | সহযোগী

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

মৎস্য: মৎস্যচাষের অস্তিত্ব
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

আরো তথ্য

Trophic ecology
খাদ্যসামগ্রী
Diet compositions
Food consumptions
Food rations
শিকারী প্রাণী সমূহ
Ecology
বাস্তুসংস্থান
Population dynamics
Growths
Max. ages / sizes
Length-weight rel.
Length-length rel.
Length-frequencies
Mass conversions
Recruitments
Abundances
Life cycle
প্রজনন
Maturities
Fecundities
Spawnings
Spawning aggregations
Egg(s)
Egg developments
শুককীট
শুককীটের সত্রিুয়তা
Anatomy
Gill areas
মস্তিস্ক সমূহ
Otoliths
Physiology
Body compositions
Nutrients
Oxygen consumptions
-এর সাতাঁরের ধরণ
Swimming speeds
Visual pigment(s)
মৎস্য শব্দ
Diseases / Parasites
Toxicities (LC50s)
Genetics
বংশানুগতিবিদ্যা
Electrophoreses
Heritabilities
Human related
Aquaculture systems
একুয়াকালচার নকশাসমূহ
বংশ
Ciguatera cases
Stamps, coins, misc.

হাতিয়ার

Special reports

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ইন্টারনেট সুত্র

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00558 - 0.01634), b=3.10 (2.96 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
ট্রফিক পর্যায়ে (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 12.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
স্থিতিস্থাপক (Ref. 120179):  মাধ্যম , সর্বনিম্ন প্রজন দ্বিগুনের সময় ১.৪-৪.৪ বৎসর (tm=4).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (63 of 100).
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.