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Craterocephalus mugiloides (McCulloch, 1912)

Spotted hardyhead
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2050
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Craterocephalus mugiloides   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Craterocephalus mugiloides (Spotted hardyhead)
Craterocephalus mugiloides
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Teleostei > Atheriniformes (Silversides) 銀漢魚目 (Silversides) > Atherinidae (Silversides) 銀漢魚科 (Silversides) > Craterocephalinae
Etymology: Craterocephalus: Greek, krater, -eros = bowl, mixing vessel + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

海洋; 半鹹淡水. 熱帶; 11°S - 21°S

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean and Western Central Pacific: northern Australia, from Western Australia to Fraser Island, around the islands of the Gulf of Carpentaria, and northeast Queensland.
東印度洋與中西太平洋: 澳洲北部, 從澳洲西部到菲沙河島, 卡奔塔利亞灣的島嶼周圍, 與昆士蘭省東北部。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 9760)

簡短描述 檢索表 | 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

臀棘: 1. Labial ligament inserting adjacent to symphysis of dentary. Lateral process of premaxilla pungent. Gill rakers on first lower gill arch, 13-17. Body scales on large specimens usually crenulated, midlateral scales 33-37. Black spot often present at base of pectoral fin.
唇的結帶插入齒骨的鄰近瘉合處。 前頜骨的側面突起尖銳的。 在第一個低的鰓弓上的鰓耙,13-17. 在大的標本上的身體鱗片通常細齒狀又側面中央的鱗片 33-37. 黑色的斑點時常出現在胸鰭基底。

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Mainly coastal and estuarine, often schooling with C. capreoli, Atherinomorus endrachtensis and A. ogilbyi. Diet includes crustaceans and diatoms. Breeds from December to March throughout the southern hemisphere. Appears to have a one year life span. May be food fish for larger commercially important fishes.

主要海岸而河口的, 時常與 C. capreoli , Atherinomorus endrachtensis A. ogilbyi 形成魚群. 食物包括甲殼動物與矽藻。 繁殖從十二月到三月在南半球各處。 似乎有一年壽命。 對於比較大的商業重要的魚可能是食用魚。

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturities | 繁殖 | Spawnings | Egg(s) | Fecundities | 仔魚

東印度洋與中西太平洋: 澳洲北部, 從澳洲西部到菲沙河島, 卡奔塔利亞灣的島嶼周圍, 與昆士蘭省東北部。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Dyer, Brian S. | 合作者

Ivantsoff, W. and L.E.L.M. Crowley, 1999. Atherinidae. Silversides (or hardyheads). p. 2113-2139. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9760)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 130435)

  未評估 

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 沒有興趣
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Trophic ecology
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 26.3 - 28.7, mean 27.7 °C (based on 250 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.36 se; based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).