Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Engraulidae
(Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Engraulis: Greek, eggraulis, -eos = anchovy (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Meditteranean: apparently along the shoreline of Camargue in NW Mediterranean Sea; Mauguio, Prevost, and Thau lagoons in southern France; northern Adriatic Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 76782)
This species is observed in brackish lagoons from the start of spring to the end of summer; leaves the lagoons in autumn to the nearby coastal marine waters. It is presumed to spawn in lagoons in the summer (based on the observation of concentrations of small-sized anchovies together with large densities of eggs in the Thau lagoon, southern France, in July and on the presence of sexually mature individuals, 8-9 cm SL, in the Mauguio and Prevost lagoons, southern France, observed as early as May. In the northern Adriatic Sea, it lives at salinities less than 38 psu and depths less than 50 m (Ref. 76782).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Borsa, P., A. Collet and J.-D. Durand, 2004. Nuclear-DNA markers confirm the presence of two anchovy species in the Mediterranean. C. R. Biol. 327:1113-1123. (Ref. 76782)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .