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Crenicichla ploegi Varella, Loeb, Lima & Kullander, 2018

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drawing shows typical species in Cichlidae.

Classification / Names Κοινά ονόματα | Συνώνυμα | Catalog of Fishes(Γένος, Είδη) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cichliformes (Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Cichlinae
Etymology: Crenicichla: Latin, crenulatus = cut, clipped + Greek, kichle = wrasse (Ref. 45335);  ploegi: Named in honor of the Dutch ichthyologist Alex Ploeg (Ref. 119086).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Οικολογία

; Γλυκού νερού βενθοπελαγικό. Tropical

Κατανομή Χώρες | Περιοχές FAO | Οικοσυστήματα | Παρουσίες | Point map | Εισαγωγές | Faunafri

South America, Brazil

Μέγεθος / Βάρος / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.0 cm SL αρσενικό/απροσδιόριστο; (Ref. 119086); 11.6 cm SL (female)

Short description Κλείδες προσδιορισμού | Μορφολογία | Μορφομετρία

Ραχιαίες άκανθες (συνολικά) : 18 - 20; Μαλακές ραχιαίες ακτίνες (συνολικά) : 13 - 15; Εδρικές άκανθες: 3; Μαλακές εδρικές ακτίνες: 9 - 12. Diagnosis: Crenicichla ploegi is placed in the C. saxatilis species group by having a humeral blotch even in the smallest specimens observed, less than 80 scales in the E1 row (58–71), dimorphic males with many light dots scattered on the flank, and infraorbital series with very slender lacrimal bone and 5 separate post-lacrimal tubular infraorbitals; distinguished from all other species of the C. saxatilis group by the presence of dark spots and vermiculations on snout, interorbital area and dorsally on head in many adults up to 146.6 mm SL vs. dark markings absent or present only in juveniles but absent in adults (head uniformly dark gray in adults from 80 mm SL), and by the presence of a deep and strongly pigmented lateral band present in both juveniles and adults, occupying a depth of 4–6 horizontal scale rows vs. lateral band narrower, occupying a depth of 2–3 horizontal scale rows, and conspicuous only in juveniles and smaller specimens, faded or absent in larger specimens; Crenicichla ploegi is more elongate (body depth 17.8–21.7% SL) and has more scales in the E1 row (58–71 scales) than C. brasiliensis, C. britskii, C. frenata, C. isbrueckeri, C. labrina, C. lepidota, C.proteus, C. santosi, C. saxatilis and C. semicincta (body depth more than 21% SL, and fewer than 56 scales in the E1 row); Crenicichla ploegi differs from C. alta, C. albopunctata, C. anthurus, C. coppenamensis, C. pydanielae and C. sipaliwini by having the humeral blotch situated almost entirely below the anterior branch of the lateral line vs. humeral blotch with center on the level of the anterior branch of the lateral line (Ref. 119086).

Βιολογία     Γλωσσάρι (π.χ. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturities | Αναπαραγωγή | Spawnings | Egg(s) | Fecundities | Προνύμφες

Main reference Upload your references | Αναφορές | Συντονιστής : Kullander, Sven O. | Συνεργάτες

Varella, H.R., M.V. Loeb, Lima F.C.T. and S.O. Kullander, 2018. Crenicichla ploegi, a new species of pike-cichlid of the C. saxatilis group from the Rio Juruena and upper Rio Paraguai basins in Brazil, with an updated diagnosis and biogeographical comments on the group (Teleostei: Cichlidae). Zootaxa 4377(3):361-386 (Ref. 119086)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435)


Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Περισσότερες πληροφορίες

Trophic ecology
Τροφικά αντικείμενα
Diet compositions
Food consumptions
Food rations
Population dynamics
Max. ages / sizes
Length-weight rel.
Length-length rel.
Mass conversions
Life cycle
Spawning aggregations
Egg developments
Δυναμική προνυμφών
Περιοχές FAO
BRUVS - Videos
Gill areas
Body compositions
Oxygen consumptions
Κολυμβητικός τύπος
Swimming speeds
Visual pigment(s)
Ήχοι ψαριών
Diseases / Parasites
Toxicities (LC50s)
Human related
Aquaculture systems
Προφίλ υδατοκαλλιεργειών
Ciguatera cases
Stamps, coins, misc.
Κοινά ονόματα


Special reports

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Διαδικτυακές πηγές

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Γένος, Είδη | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Δέντρο Ζωής | Wikipedia: Go, αναζήτηση | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00354 - 0.01865), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Τροφικό Επίπεδο (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Ελαστικότητα (Ref. 120179):  Υψηλό, ελάχιστος χρόνος για διπλασιασμό πληθυσμού < 15 μήνες (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100).