Anisotremus virginicus, Porkfish : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

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Anisotremus virginicus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Porkfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Anisotremus virginicus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Anisotremus virginicus (Porkfish)
Anisotremus virginicus
Picture by Bertoncini, A.A.

Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes(Genere, Specie) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Haemulidae (Grunts) > Haemulinae
Etymology: Anisotremus: Greek, anisos = unequal + Greek, trema, -atos = hole (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

marino associati a barriera corallina; distribuzione batimetrica 2 - 70 m (Ref. 9710). Subtropical; 32°N - 33°S, 98°W - 34°W

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Bermuda (introduced) and Florida, USA to Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea (Ref. 9626).

Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.6 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 40637); common length : 25.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 3798); peso massimo pubblicato: 930.00 g (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 12; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 16-18; Spine anali 3; Raggi anali molli: 9. Body striped yellow and silvery blue; fins yellow, 2 black bars: one from nape through eye to mouth, another from origin of dorsal fin to base of pectoral fin. Only grunt fish in the Caribbean with two vertical black bars and yellow stripes. (Ref. 26938).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Maximum depth from Ref. 126840. Inhabits reefs and rocky bottoms. Feeds at night on mollusks, echinoderms, annelids, and crustaceans (Ref. 3798). Young pick parasites from the bodies of larger fishes (Ref. 5521). Young are popular aquarium fish (Ref. 7251). Marketed fresh (Ref. 3798). Has been reared in captivity (Ref. 35420).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore | Collaboratori

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 March 2011

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30303)





Human uses

Pesca: scarso interesse commerciale; Pesce da pesca sportiva: si; Acquario: Acquari pubblici
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Informazioni ulteriori

Nomi Comuni
Sinonimi
Metabolismo
Predatori
Ecotossicologia
Riproduzione
Maturità
Deposizione
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Uova
Egg development
Age/Size
Accrescimento
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometria
Morfologia
Larve
Dinamica popolazioni larvali
Reclutamento
Abbondanza
BRUVS
Bibliografia
Acquacoltura
Profilo di acquacoltura
Varietà
Genetica
Frequenze alleliche
Ereditarietà
Malattie
Elaborazione
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Collaboratori
Immagini
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suoni
Ciguatera
Velocità
Modalità di nuoto
Area branchiale
Otoliths
Cervelli
Vista

Strumenti

Special reports

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 24.9 - 28.2, mean 27.4 °C (based on 791 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00905 - 0.02532), b=3.05 (2.90 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.5 se; based on diet studies.
Resilienza (Ref. 120179):  Medio, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione 1.4 - 4.4 anni (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100).
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 30.4 [15.6, 60.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.785 [0.402, 1.490] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.9 [17.8, 21.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.184 [0.092, 0.347] g/100g ; Selenium = 15.2 [7.2, 32.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 38.5 [10.7, 133.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.771 [0.434, 1.308] mg/100g (wet weight);