Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sparidae
Etymology: Dentex: Latin, dens, dentis = teeth (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Poll & Maul.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 15 - 300 m (Ref. 2683). Deep-water; 33°N - 17°S, 18°W - 14°E
Eastern Atlantic: Morocco to Angola.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 37.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4960); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2683)
Occurs in various types of bottoms on the continental shelf and slope; old fish occurring in the deeper waters. Feeds mainly on crustaceans; also on fish, sometimes on mollusks and worms.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bauchot, M.-L., J.-C. Hureau and J.C. Miguel, 1981. Sparidae. In W. Fischer, G. Bianchi and W.B. Scott (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Central Atlantic. (Fishing Areas 34, 47 (in part)). volume 4. [var. pag.] FAO, Rome. (Ref. 2715)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 14.4 - 20.6, mean 16.7 °C (based on 46 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.01179 - 0.01856), b=3.03 (3.00 - 3.06), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.48 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.11-0.23; tmax=7).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 28.2 [14.6, 62.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.348 [0.210, 0.648] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.7 [18.2, 21.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.416 [0.204, 0.841] g/100g ; Selenium = 19.6 [8.3, 39.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 10.6 [2.5, 40.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.455 [0.260, 0.684] mg/100g (wet weight);