Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Notothenioidei
(Icefishes) > Nototheniidae
(Cod icefishes) > Nototheniinae
Etymology: Patagonotothen: Composed from Patagonia, the Argentinian province + Greek,noton = back + Greek, adverbial particle, then, that denotes distance or removal (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Lönnberg.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 5 - 8 m (Ref. 121239). Temperate; 43°S - 53°S, 76°W - 58°W
Southeast Pacific and Southwest Atlantic: Tierra del Fuego (including Strait of Magellan and Beagle Canal) and the Falkland Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. )
Consumed as food.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lloris, D. and J. Rucabado, 1991. Ictiofauna del Canal Beagle (Tierra de Fuego), aspectos ecológicos y análisis biogeográfico. Publ. Espec. Inst. Esp. Oceanogr. 8, Madrid, Spain. 182 p. (Ref. 27092)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 4.7 - 9.8, mean 6.1 °C (based on 97 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00281 - 0.01234), b=3.22 (3.05 - 3.39), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.62 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=2, fec < 10,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 44.8 [23.9, 80.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.385 [0.242, 0.647] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.7 [16.5, 19.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.68 [0.41, 1.16] g/100g ; Selenium = 15.9 [7.8, 30.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 27.9 [9.9, 85.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.617 [0.442, 0.873] mg/100g (wet weight);