Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Soleidae
Etymology: Leptachirus: Name from the Greek 'leptos' meaning thin and the soleid genus Achirus Lacepède, in reference to the very thin and slender body of the species.; darwinensis: Named for the city of Darwin in the Northern Territory for its proximity
to the three rivers to the east in which specimens have been collected. More on author: Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Oceania: Northern Territory, Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 84817)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 53 - 56;
Vertebrae: 40 - 41. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D 71-73; A 53-56; pelvic rays 4; lateral-line scales 90-96; lateral line on ocular side of head with a ventral branch of 4-9 pores, remaining horizontal anterior part with 5-7 pores; vertebrae 40-41; dorsal pterygiophores anterior to fourth neural spine 8-9; body depth 3.1-3.2 in SL; no caudal peduncle; head length 4.3-4.6 in SL; small eyes, diameter 6.8-7.7 in HL; interorbital width 9.3-10.8 in HL; longest dorsal ray 1.85-1.95 in HL; caudal fin 4.1-4.35 in SL; pelvic fins and genital papilla not joined, their origins adjacent; short pelvic fins, reaching little beyond base of first anal ray, 2.75-3.05 in HL; ocular side light brown mottled with small darker brown blotches; 3 longitudinal rows of dark brown blotches of one to two eye diameters in size; dorsal and anal fins with indistinct brown spots centered on single rays and membrane to each side; caudal fin pale yellowish with of dark brown spots at base and transverse rows of progressively smaller and fainter spots in distal two-thirds of fin (Ref. 84817).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., 2007. Leptachirus, a new soleid fish genus from New Guinea and northern Australia, with descriptions of eight new species. Records of the Western Australian Museum 24:81-108. (Ref. 84817)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00466 - 0.02049), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .