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Salvelinus leucomaenis  (Pallas, 1814)

Whitespotted char
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Image of Salvelinus leucomaenis (Whitespotted char)
Salvelinus leucomaenis
Picture by Senou, H.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salvelinus: Old name for char; it is the same root of german "saibling" = little salmon (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; anadromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 50550).   Temperate; 60°N - 30°N, 127°E - 175°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northwest Pacific: Japan and northeastern Korean Peninsula through Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands to Kamchatka.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 120 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56527); max. published weight: 15.0 kg (Ref. 56527); max. reported age: 9 years (Ref. 56527)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

The land-locked form prefers low temperature streams, below 15°C. Young of the sea-run form enter the sea at 2 years of age and return to the rivers for spawning when they are 4 years or older. Found in summertime water temperature of 13-15° C (Ref. 12218). Carnivore, feeding on insects and plankton (Ref. 12218). Utilized fresh, smoked and frozen; can be broiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988). Two forms: the land-locked form which reaches 35 cm, and the ocean form of 70 cm (Ref. 9137).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: experimental; gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

More information

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 1.4 - 19.2, mean 5.1 (based on 106 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.4   ±0.7 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=5; k >0.30).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.