Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Moridae
Etymology: Physiculus: Diminutive of Greek, physa = tube; longicavis: From the Latin longus for long and cavis for cavity, referring to the great length of its abdominal cavity (Ref. 43973).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 160 - 290 m (Ref. 43973). Deep-water
Southeast Pacific: Seamounts in the southern part of the Nazca Ridge and the Sala y Gómez Ridge.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 43973)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 70 - 74;
Vertebrae: 54 - 57. Chin barbel short; pyloric caeca 10-11; rounded light organ on abdomen in front of the center of the distance between the end of the bases of the pelvic fins and anal opening; ventral cavity extends to the level of the 13th/14th ray of the anal fin. Caudal fin rounded.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 9.9 - 12.1, mean 11.1 °C (based on 28 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00398 (0.00202 - 0.00783), b=3.10 (2.92 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100) .