Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: 20 - ?; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 4°C - 18°C (Ref. 2059)
Asia: Amur drainage in Russia and China; Sakhalin Island; Lake Buir in Mongolia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 5.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56557); common length : 7.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35840)
Spawns in shalllow water over sand. Produces 1550-5300 eggs. Matures at 4.6 cm.
Bogutskaya, N.G. and A.M. Naseka, 1996. Cyclostomata and fishes of Khanka Lake drainage area (Amur river basin). An annotated check-list with comments on taxonomy and zoogeography of the region. Zool. Inst. Russ. Acad. Sci. :89 p. (Ref. 13397)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 3.5 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2-4; K=0.31; Fec=265-546).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .