Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sparidae
Etymology: Argyrops: Greek, argyros = silver, silvered + Gree, ops = appearance (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Forsskål.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 1 - 450 m (Ref. 100719), usually 5 - 100 m (Ref. 30573). Tropical; 34°N - 28°S
Indian Ocean: including the Red Sea and Persian Gulf, to Singapore and southernmost end of the Malay Peninsula.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 30.9  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 124569); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3507)
(total): 11 - 13;
soft rays: 7 - 8;
Vertebrae: 24. This species is distinguished from all its congeners by the following set of characters: body deep and becoming compressed and less deep with growth; D XII,10, the first 2 dorsal-fin spines rudimentary (2 dorsal-fin spines on first dorsal pterygiophore); the dorsal-fin with two morpho types of configuration (Type I 'rigid type', fragile] as a rigid tapering spine and Type II ['flexible type', comparatively robust] as a flexible tapering spine in Group A - Red Sea, Group B - Gulf of Aden and eastern coast of Africa, and Group C - Persian Gulf, only Type II, is seen in both Group D - Madagascar to Sri Lanka and Group E - Eastern Indian Ocean, each Group is allopatric and is likely to have similar genetic structure (not analyzed in Group D or E). Colouration: body uniform pink with belly and lower jaw silvery, head red; spinous dorsal fin pink or red, other fins pink or pale pink; with pink tinge around eye; upper jaw often pinkish; anterior and posterior margins of the upper cheek scales nearly parallel just below rear edge of eye; orbit diameter is clearly less than suborbital depth (Ref. 124569).
Found in a wide range of bottoms. Young fish occur in very shallow waters of sheltered bays; larger individuals in deeper water. Feed on benthic invertebrates, mainly mollusks (Ref. 5213). Important food fish.
Iwatsuki, Y. and P.C. Heemstra, 2018. Taxonomic review of the genus Argyrops (Perciformes; Sparidae) with three new species from the Indo-West Pacific. Zootaxa 4438(3):401-442. (Ref. 124569)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 23.4 - 29, mean 27.9 °C (based on 3786 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02884 (0.01771 - 0.04695), b=2.89 (2.75 - 3.03), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 7.3 (4.7 - 12.2) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 10 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.08-0.21; tmax=25; tm=2; Fec = 47,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (55 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): High vulnerability (61 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 85.2 [44.6, 176.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.719 [0.357, 1.442] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.2 [18.0, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.272 [0.143, 0.512] g/100g ; Selenium = 63.5 [28.4, 138.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 23.9 [6.6, 85.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.598 [0.359, 0.987] mg/100g (wet weight);