Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sparidae
Etymology: Pagellus: Diminutive of Latin, pager, derived from Greek, pagros = a fish, Dentex sp. (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Steindachner.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 250 m (Ref. 27000), usually 10 - 50 m (Ref. 5377). Subtropical; 37°N - 17°S, 19°W - 14°E
Eastern Atlantic: Strait of Gibraltar to Angola, including the southwestern Mediterranean (Ref. 3469) and the Canary Islands.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 12.2  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 42.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4781); common length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4781)
Occurs in schools over hard as well as sandy bottoms, especially in the upper 100 m. Omnivorous with a predominantly carnivorous diet (including crustaceans, cephalopods, small fish, amphioxus and worms). Protogynic hermaphrodite (Ref. 3688).
Intermittent spawning occurs from the second year onwards between May and November according to the latitude, the stock moving toward the coast for this purpose.
Bauchot, M.-L. and J.-C. Hureau, 1990. Sparidae. p. 790-812. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3688)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 18.5 - 28, mean 25.2 °C (based on 140 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.01004 - 0.01507), b=3.04 (3.01 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.59 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.18-0.53; tm=1; tmax=7; Fec=60,200).
Prior r = 0.82, 95% CL = 0.54 - 1.23, Based on 2 stock assessments.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 133 [52, 344] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.753 [0.441, 1.416] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.3 [19.2, 21.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.443 [0.271, 0.722] g/100g ; Selenium = 102 [44, 205] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 5.96 [1.49, 29.78] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.449 [0.283, 0.716] mg/100g (wet weight);