Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Mugiliformes
(Mullets) > Mugilidae
Etymology: Oedalechilus: Greek, oidaleos, -a, -on = swollen + Greek, cheilos = lip (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 46°N - 20°N, 18°W - 36°E
Eastern Atlantic: Morocco to Gibraltar. Throughout the Mediterranean Sea but not in Black Sea.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 12.9, range 11 - 15 cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2804); max. reported age: 10 years (Ref. 93212)
Neritic, found inshore, at mouths of rivers and sewage effluents but not entering brackish and freshwater (Ref. 7465). Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ben-Tuvia, A., 1986. Mugilidae. p. 1197-1204. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean. Volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 2804)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 16.4 - 21.6, mean 19.3 °C (based on 138 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00695 - 0.01730), b=2.98 (2.85 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 5.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .