Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Polynemidae
Etymology: Filimanus: Latin, filum = thread + latin, manus = hand (Ref. 45335); perplexa: From the Latin perplexa, meaning confused, in reference to the confused state of identification that has existed for this species (Ref. 39607).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 34 m (Ref. 58018). Tropical; 10°N - 9°S, 96°E - 116°E (Ref. 57343)
Western Central Pacific: Indonesia and Phuket, Thailand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57343)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 13 - 15. Distinguished by having a body depth of 3.2 or less in SL; seven pectoral filaments, some extending well past midpoint of anal fin; interorbital region of frontals concave.
Reaches at least 16 cm SL (Ref. 39607).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Motomura, H., 2004. Threadfins of the world (Family Polynemidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of polynemid species known to date. FAO Spec. Cat. Fish. Purp. Rome: FAO. 3:117 p. (Ref. 57343)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00754 - 0.04005), b=3.05 (2.85 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .