Species in Sea of Marmara
Note: The list below is incomplete. You can assess the extent of its coverage by examining the references we used to assign species to this ecosystem. Note, however, that there are too many species of invertebrates for SeaLifeBase to provide you with complete species lists. You may be able to help us more on this list by sending us Internet sources or published references that we have not yet used for this ecosystem. We will encode this material, and credit you for providing it
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Species Name Family Habitat Length (cm) Trophic Level Status
Acipenser gueldenstaedtii Danube sturgeon Acipenseridae demersal 3.3 native
Acipenser nudiventris Fringebarbel sturgeon Acipenseridae demersal 3.3 native
Acipenser stellatus Starry sturgeon Acipenseridae demersal 3.5 questionable
Acipenser sturio Sturgeon Acipenseridae demersal 3.5 native
Aidablennius sphynx Blenniidae demersal 2.1 native
Alopias vulpinus Thresher Alopiidae pelagic-oceanic 4.5 native
Alosa immaculata Pontic shad Clupeidae pelagic-neritic 4.0 native
Alosa maeotica Black sea shad Clupeidae pelagic-neritic 4.4 native
Alosa tanaica Black Sea shad Clupeidae pelagic-neritic 3.6 native
Anguilla anguilla European eel Anguillidae demersal 3.5 native
Anthias anthias Swallowtail seaperch Serranidae reef-associated 3.8 native
Aphanius fasciatus Mediterranean banded killifish Cyprinodontidae demersal 2.7 native
Aphia minuta Transparent goby Gobiidae pelagic-neritic 3.1 native
Apletodon dentatus Small-headed clingfish Gobiesocidae demersal 3.1 native
Apogon imberbis Cardinal fish Apogonidae reef-associated 3.8 native
Argentina sphyraena Argentine Argentinidae bathydemersal 3.5 native
Argyrosomus regius Meagre Sciaenidae benthopelagic 4.3 native
Arnoglossus grohmanni Bothidae demersal 3.6 native
Arnoglossus imperialis Imperial scaldfish Bothidae demersal 3.8 native
Arnoglossus kessleri Scaldback Bothidae demersal 4.1 native
Arnoglossus laterna Mediterranean scaldfish Bothidae demersal 3.6 native
Arnoglossus thori Thor's scaldfish Bothidae demersal 3.3 native
Atherina boyeri Big-scale sand smelt Atherinidae demersal 3.2 native
Atherina hepsetus Mediterranean sand smelt Atherinidae pelagic-neritic 3.2 native
Auxis rochei Bullet tuna Scombridae pelagic-neritic 4.3 native
Balistes capriscus Grey triggerfish Balistidae reef-associated 4.1 native
Belone belone Garfish Belonidae pelagic-oceanic 4.2 native
Belone euxini Belonidae pelagic-oceanic 4.3 native
Benthosema glaciale Glacier lantern fish Myctophidae pelagic-oceanic 3.0 native
Blennius ocellaris Butterfly blenny Blenniidae demersal 3.5 native
Boops boops Bogue Sparidae demersal 2.8 native
Buglossidium luteum Solenette Soleidae demersal 3.3 native
Callionymus fasciatus Banded dragonet Callionymidae demersal 3.3 native
Callionymus lyra Dragonet Callionymidae demersal 3.3 native
Callionymus maculatus Callionymidae demersal 3.3 native
Callionymus pusillus Sailfin dragonet Callionymidae demersal 3.3 native
Callionymus risso Risso’s dragonet Callionymidae demersal 3.0 native
Capros aper Boarfish Caproidae demersal 3.1 native
Carapus acus Pearl fish Carapidae demersal 4.0 native
Carcharodon carcharias Great white shark Lamnidae pelagic-oceanic 4.5 native
Centrolabrus melanocercus Labridae reef-associated 3.2 native
Centrophorus granulosus Gulper shark Centrophoridae bathydemersal 4.1 native
Centrophorus uyato Little gulper shark Centrophoridae bathydemersal 4.5 native
Cepola macrophthalma Red bandfish Cepolidae demersal 3.1 native
Chelidonichthys cuculus Red gurnard Triglidae demersal 3.8 native
Chelidonichthys lastoviza Streaked gurnard Triglidae demersal 3.5 native
Chelidonichthys lucerna Tub gurnard Triglidae demersal 4.0 native
Chelon auratus Golden grey mullet Mugilidae pelagic-neritic 2.8 native
Chelon labrosus Thicklip grey mullet Mugilidae demersal 2.6 native
Chelon ramada Thinlip grey mullet Mugilidae pelagic-neritic 2.3 native
Chelon saliens Leaping mullet Mugilidae demersal 2.9 native
Chromis chromis Damselfish Pomacentridae reef-associated 3.8 native
Chromogobius quadrivittatus Chestnut goby Gobiidae demersal 3.4 native
Citharus linguatula Spotted flounder Citharidae demersal 4.0 native
Clinitrachus argentatus Cline Clinidae demersal 3.5 native
Clupeonella cultriventris Black and Caspian Sea sprat Clupeidae pelagic-neritic 3.0 native
Conger conger European conger Congridae demersal 4.3 native
Coris julis Mediterranean rainbow wrasse Labridae reef-associated 3.4 native
Coryphaena hippurus Common dolphinfish Coryphaenidae pelagic-neritic 3.8 native
Coryphoblennius galerita Montagu's blenny Blenniidae demersal 2.0 native
Ctenolabrus rupestris Goldsinny-wrasse Labridae reef-associated 3.6 native
Dactylopterus volitans Flying gurnard Dactylopteridae reef-associated 3.7 native
Dalatias licha Kitefin shark Dalatiidae bathydemersal 4.2 native
Dasyatis pastinaca Common stingray Dasyatidae demersal 4.1 native
Deltentosteus quadrimaculatus Four-spotted goby Gobiidae demersal 3.1 native
Dentex dentex Common dentex Sparidae benthopelagic 4.5 native
Dentex gibbosus Pink dentex Sparidae benthopelagic 4.1 native
Dicentrarchus labrax European seabass Moronidae demersal 3.5 native
Dicologlossa cuneata Wedge sole Soleidae demersal 3.3 native
Diplecogaster bimaculata Two-spotted clingfish Gobiesocidae demersal 3.4 native
Diplodus annularis Annular seabream Sparidae benthopelagic 3.1 native
Diplodus puntazzo Sharpsnout seabream Sparidae benthopelagic 3.1 native
Diplodus sargus White seabream Sparidae demersal 3.4 native
Diplodus vulgaris Common two-banded seabream Sparidae benthopelagic 3.5 native
Dipturus batis Blue skate Rajidae demersal 3.5 native
Dipturus oxyrinchus Longnosed skate Rajidae bathydemersal 3.5 native
Echeneis naucrates Live sharksucker Echeneidae reef-associated 3.7 native
Echiichthys vipera Lesser weever Trachinidae demersal 4.4 native
Echinorhinus brucus Bramble shark Echinorhinidae bathydemersal 4.4 native
Engraulis encrasicolus European anchovy Engraulidae pelagic-neritic 3.1 native
Epinephelus marginatus Dusky grouper Serranidae reef-associated 4.1 native
Euthynnus alletteratus Little tunny Scombridae reef-associated 4.3 native
Eutrigla gurnardus Grey gurnard Triglidae demersal 3.9 native
Gadiculus argenteus Silvery pout Gadidae pelagic-oceanic 3.6 native
Gaidropsarus biscayensis Mediterranean bigeye rockling Lotidae benthopelagic 3.6 native
Gaidropsarus mediterraneus Shore rockling Lotidae demersal 3.5 native
Gaidropsarus vulgaris Three-bearded rockling Lotidae demersal 3.5 native
Galeorhinus galeus Tope shark Triakidae benthopelagic 4.3 native
Galeus melastomus Blackmouth catshark Scyliorhinidae demersal 4.2 native
Gasterosteus aculeatus Three-spined stickleback Gasterosteidae benthopelagic 3.3 native
Glaucostegus cemiculus Blackchin guitarfish Glaucostegidae demersal 4.0 native
Gobius auratus Golden goby Gobiidae demersal 3.0 native
Gobius bucchichi Bucchich's goby Gobiidae demersal 3.2 native
Gobius cobitis Giant goby Gobiidae demersal 3.0 native
Gobius cruentatus Red-mouthed goby Gobiidae demersal 3.4 native
Gobius geniporus Slender goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 native
Gobius niger Black goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 native
Gobius paganellus Rock goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 native
Gymnammodytes cicerelus Mediterranean sand eel Ammodytidae demersal 3.4 native
Gymnura altavela Spiny butterfly ray Gymnuridae demersal 4.5 native
Helicolenus dactylopterus Blackbelly rosefish Sebastidae bathydemersal 4.0 native
Hexanchus griseus Bluntnose sixgill shark Hexanchidae bathydemersal 4.5 native
Hippocampus guttulatus Long-snouted seahorse Syngnathidae demersal 3.5 native
Hippocampus hippocampus Short snouted seahorse Syngnathidae demersal 3.2 native
Hirundichthys rondeletii Black wing flyingfish Exocoetidae pelagic-oceanic 3.0 native
Huso huso Beluga Acipenseridae pelagic-neritic 4.4 native
Hygophum benoiti Benoit's lanternfish Myctophidae bathypelagic 3.0 native
Katsuwonus pelamis Skipjack tuna Scombridae pelagic-oceanic 4.4 native
Knipowitschia caucasica Caucasian dwarf goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 native
Labrus merula Brown wrasse Labridae reef-associated 3.5 native
Labrus mixtus Cuckoo wrasse Labridae reef-associated 3.9 native
Labrus viridis Labridae reef-associated 3.9 native
Lamna nasus Porbeagle Lamnidae pelagic-oceanic 4.5 native
Lampanyctus crocodilus Jewel lanternfish Myctophidae bathypelagic 3.2 native
Lampris guttatus Opah Lampridae bathypelagic 4.2 native
Lepadogaster candolii Connemarra clingfish Gobiesocidae demersal 2.8 native
Lepadogaster lepadogaster Shore clingfish Gobiesocidae demersal 3.3 native
Lepidorhombus boscii Four-spot megrim Scophthalmidae demersal 3.7 native
Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis Megrim Scophthalmidae bathydemersal 4.3 native
Lepidotrigla cavillone Large-scaled gurnard Triglidae demersal 3.3 native
Lesueurigobius friesii Fries's goby Gobiidae demersal 3.4 native
Leucoraja naevus Cuckoo ray Rajidae demersal 4.2 native
Lichia amia Leerfish Carangidae pelagic-neritic 4.5 native
Lipophrys trigloides Blenniidae demersal 2.0 native
Lithognathus mormyrus Sand steenbras Sparidae demersal 3.4 native
Lophius budegassa Blackbellied angler Lophiidae bathydemersal 4.4 native
Lophius piscatorius Angler Lophiidae bathydemersal 4.4 native
Maurolicus muelleri Silvery lightfish Sternoptychidae bathypelagic 3.0 native
Merlangius merlangus Whiting Gadidae benthopelagic 4.4 native
Merluccius merluccius European hake Merlucciidae demersal 4.5 native
Mesogobius batrachocephalus Knout goby Gobiidae demersal 4.2 native
Microchirus azevia Soleidae demersal 3.2 native
Microchirus ocellatus Foureyed sole Soleidae demersal 3.2 native
Microchirus variegatus Thickback sole Soleidae demersal 3.3 native
Microlipophrys adriaticus Blenniidae demersal 3.4 native
Micromesistius poutassou Blue whiting Gadidae bathypelagic 4.1 native
Mola mola Ocean sunfish Molidae pelagic-oceanic 3.7 native
Monochirus hispidus Whiskered sole Soleidae demersal 3.5 native
Mugil cephalus Flathead grey mullet Mugilidae benthopelagic 2.5 native
Mullus barbatus barbatus Red mullet Mullidae demersal 3.1 native
Mullus surmuletus Surmullet Mullidae demersal 3.5 native
Muraena helena Mediterranean moray Muraenidae reef-associated 4.2 native
Mustelus asterias Starry smooth-hound Triakidae demersal 3.6 native
Mustelus mustelus Smooth-hound Triakidae demersal 3.8 native
Myctophum punctatum Spotted lanternfish Myctophidae bathypelagic 3.4 native
Myliobatis aquila Common eagle ray Myliobatidae benthopelagic 3.6 native
Naucrates ductor Pilotfish Carangidae reef-associated 3.4 native
Neogobius melanostomus Round goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 native
Nerophis maculatus Syngnathidae demersal 3.4 native
Nerophis ophidion Straightnose pipefish Syngnathidae demersal 4.0 native
Nezumia aequalis Common Atlantic grenadier Macrouridae benthopelagic 3.3 native
Nezumia sclerorhynchus Roughtip grenadier Macrouridae bathypelagic 3.2 native
Notoscopelus elongatus Myctophidae pelagic-oceanic 3.4 native
Oblada melanura Saddled seabream Sparidae benthopelagic 3.4 native
Oedalechilus labeo Boxlip mullet Mugilidae demersal 2.5 native
Ophidion barbatum Snake blenny Ophidiidae demersal 3.6 native
Ophidion rochei Ophidiidae demersal 3.6 native
Orcynopsis unicolor Plain bonito Scombridae pelagic-neritic 4.5 native
Oxynotus centrina Angular roughshark Oxynotidae bathydemersal 3.1 native
Pagellus acarne Axillary seabream Sparidae benthopelagic 3.5 native
Pagellus bogaraveo Blackspot seabream Sparidae benthopelagic 4.2 native
Pagellus erythrinus Common pandora Sparidae benthopelagic 3.5 native
Pagrus pagrus Red porgy Sparidae benthopelagic 3.9 native
Parablennius gattorugine Tompot blenny Blenniidae demersal 2.7 native
Parablennius incognitus Blenniidae demersal 2.7 native
Parablennius sanguinolentus Rusty blenny Blenniidae demersal 2.8 native
Parablennius tentacularis Tentacled blenny Blenniidae demersal 3.3 native
Parablennius zvonimiri Blenniidae demersal 2.9 native
Parophidion vassali Ophidiidae demersal 3.5 native
Pegusa lascaris Sand sole Soleidae demersal 3.3 native
Peristedion cataphractum African armoured searobin Peristediidae demersal 3.5 native
Planiliza haematocheila So-iuy mullet Mugilidae pelagic-neritic 2.5 introduced
Platichthys flesus European flounder Pleuronectidae demersal 3.3 native
Polyprion americanus Wreckfish Polyprionidae demersal 4.1 native
Pomatomus saltatrix Bluefish Pomatomidae pelagic-oceanic 4.5 native
Pomatoschistus bathi Gobiidae demersal 3.3 native
Pomatoschistus marmoratus Marbled goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 native
Pomatoschistus minutus Sand goby Gobiidae demersal 3.4 native
Pomatoschistus pictus Painted goby Gobiidae demersal 3.1 native
Ponticola syrman Syrman goby Gobiidae demersal 3.4 native
Prionace glauca Blue shark Carcharhinidae pelagic-oceanic 4.3 native
Raja asterias Mediterranean starry ray Rajidae demersal 3.5 native
Raja clavata Thornback ray Rajidae demersal 3.8 native
Raja miraletus Brown ray Rajidae demersal 3.7 native
Raja montagui Spotted ray Rajidae demersal 3.9 native
Ranzania laevis Slender sunfish Molidae pelagic-oceanic 3.7 native
Regalecus glesne King of herrings Regalecidae pelagic-oceanic 3.2 native
Remora remora Shark sucker Echeneidae reef-associated 3.5 native
Rhinobatos rhinobatos Common guitarfish Rhinobatidae demersal 4.1 native
Salaria pavo Peacock blenny Blenniidae demersal 2.0 native
Sarda sarda Atlantic bonito Scombridae pelagic-neritic 4.2 native
Sardina pilchardus European pilchard Clupeidae pelagic-neritic 3.1 native
Sardinella aurita Round sardinella Clupeidae reef-associated 3.4 native
Sarpa salpa Salema Sparidae benthopelagic 2.0 native
Sciaena umbra Brown meagre Sciaenidae demersal 3.8 native
Scomber japonicus Chub mackerel Scombridae pelagic-neritic 3.4 misidentification
Scomber scombrus Atlantic mackerel Scombridae pelagic-neritic 3.6 native
Scomberesox saurus Atlantic saury Scomberesocidae pelagic-oceanic 3.8 native
Scophthalmus maximus Turbot Scophthalmidae demersal 4.4 native
Scophthalmus rhombus Brill Scophthalmidae demersal 4.4 native
Scorpaena notata Small red scorpionfish Scorpaenidae demersal 3.7 native
Scorpaena porcus Black scorpionfish Scorpaenidae demersal 3.9 native
Scorpaena scrofa Red scorpionfish Scorpaenidae demersal 4.3 native
Scyliorhinus canicula Lesser spotted dogfish Scyliorhinidae demersal 3.8 native
Scyliorhinus stellaris Nursehound Scyliorhinidae reef-associated 4.0 native
Serranus cabrilla Comber Serranidae demersal 3.3 native
Serranus hepatus Brown comber Serranidae demersal 3.5 native
Serranus scriba Painted comber Serranidae demersal 3.8 native
Solea senegalensis Senegalese sole Soleidae demersal 3.3 questionable
Solea solea Common sole Soleidae demersal 3.2 native
Sparus aurata Gilthead seabream Sparidae demersal 3.7 native
Sphyraena sphyraena European barracuda Sphyraenidae pelagic-neritic 4.0 native
Spicara maena Blotched picarel Sparidae pelagic-neritic 4.2 native
Spicara smaris Picarel Sparidae pelagic-neritic 3.0 native
Spondyliosoma cantharus Black seabream Sparidae benthopelagic 3.3 native
Sprattus sprattus European sprat Clupeidae pelagic-neritic 3.0 native
Squalus acanthias Picked dogfish Squalidae benthopelagic 4.4 native
Squalus blainville Longnose spurdog Squalidae demersal 4.0 native
Squatina aculeata Sawback angelshark Squatinidae demersal 4.0 native
Squatina oculata Smoothback angelshark Squatinidae demersal 4.0 native
Squatina squatina Angelshark Squatinidae demersal 4.1 native
Stomias boa boa Boa dragonfish Stomiidae bathypelagic 4.0 native
Symphodus cinereus Grey wrasse Labridae demersal 3.5 native
Symphodus doderleini Labridae demersal 3.4 native
Symphodus mediterraneus Axillary wrasse Labridae demersal 3.2 native
Symphodus ocellatus Labridae reef-associated 3.4 native
Symphodus roissali Five-spotted wrasse Labridae reef-associated 3.5 native
Symphodus rostratus Labridae reef-associated 3.4 native
Symphodus tinca East Atlantic peacock wrasse Labridae reef-associated 3.3 native
Synapturichthys kleinii Klein's sole Soleidae demersal 3.6 native
Syngnathus abaster Black-striped pipefish Syngnathidae demersal 3.2 native
Syngnathus acus Greater pipefish Syngnathidae demersal 3.3 native
Syngnathus schmidti Syngnathidae pelagic 3.0 native
Syngnathus tenuirostris Narrow-snouted pipefish Syngnathidae demersal 3.3 native
Syngnathus typhle Broadnosed pipefish Syngnathidae demersal 4.3 native
Synodus saurus Atlantic lizardfish Synodontidae demersal 4.5 native
Tetronarce nobiliana Electric ray Torpedinidae benthopelagic 4.5 native
Thalassoma pavo Ornate wrasse Labridae reef-associated 3.5 native
Thunnus alalunga Albacore Scombridae pelagic-oceanic 4.3 native
Thunnus thynnus Atlantic bluefin tuna Scombridae pelagic-oceanic 4.4 native
Torpedo marmorata Marbled electric ray Torpedinidae reef-associated 4.6 native
Torpedo torpedo Common torpedo Torpedinidae demersal 4.3 native
Trachinotus ovatus Pompano Carangidae pelagic-neritic 3.7 native
Trachinus araneus Spotted weever Trachinidae demersal 4.0 native
Trachinus draco Greater weever Trachinidae demersal 4.2 native
Trachinus radiatus Starry weever Trachinidae demersal 4.0 native
Trachipterus trachypterus Mediterranean dealfish Trachipteridae bathypelagic 2.9 native
Trachurus mediterraneus Mediterranean horse mackerel Carangidae pelagic-oceanic 3.8 native
Trachurus trachurus Atlantic horse mackerel Carangidae pelagic-neritic 3.7 native
Trigla lyra Piper gurnard Triglidae bathydemersal 3.9 native
Tripterygion tripteronotum Tripterygiidae demersal 3.4 native
Trisopterus minutus Poor cod Gadidae benthopelagic 3.7 misidentification
Umbrina cirrosa Shi drum Sciaenidae demersal 3.4 native
Uranoscopus scaber Stargazer Uranoscopidae demersal 4.4 native
Xiphias gladius Swordfish Xiphiidae pelagic-oceanic 4.5 native
Xyrichtys novacula Pearly razorfish Labridae reef-associated 3.5 native
Zeugopterus regius Eckström's topknot Scophthalmidae demersal 3.8 native
Zeus faber John dory Zeidae benthopelagic 4.5 native
Zosterisessor ophiocephalus Grass goby Gobiidae demersal 3.2 native
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