Species in Black Sea
Note: The list below is incomplete. You can assess the extent of its coverage by examining the references we used to assign species to this ecosystem. Note, however, that there are too many species of invertebrates for SeaLifeBase to provide you with complete species lists. You may be able to help us more on this list by sending us Internet sources or published references that we have not yet used for this ecosystem. We will encode this material, and credit you for providing it
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Species Name Family Habitat Length (cm) Trophic Level Status
Acipenser gueldenstaedtii Danube sturgeon Acipenseridae demersal 3.3 native
Acipenser nudiventris Fringebarbel sturgeon Acipenseridae demersal 3.3 native
Acipenser persicus Persian sturgeon Acipenseridae demersal 3.7 native
Acipenser ruthenus Sterlet sturgeon Acipenseridae demersal 3.6 native
Acipenser stellatus Starry sturgeon Acipenseridae demersal 3.5 native
Acipenser sturio Sturgeon Acipenseridae demersal 3.5 native
Aidablennius sphynx Blenniidae demersal 2.1 native
Alburnus chalcoides Danube bleak Cyprinidae pelagic 3.4 native
Alopias vulpinus Thresher Alopiidae pelagic-oceanic 4.5 native
Alosa caspia Caspian shad Clupeidae pelagic-neritic 3.5 native
Alosa fallax Twaite shad Clupeidae pelagic-neritic 4.0 native
Alosa immaculata Pontic shad Clupeidae pelagic-neritic 4.0 native
Alosa maeotica Black sea shad Clupeidae pelagic-neritic 4.4 native
Alosa tanaica Black Sea shad Clupeidae pelagic-neritic 3.6 native
Anguilla anguilla European eel Anguillidae demersal 3.5 native
Aphanius fasciatus Mediterranean banded killifish Cyprinodontidae demersal 2.7 native
Aphia minuta Transparent goby Gobiidae pelagic-neritic 3.1 native
Apletodon bacescui Gobiesocidae demersal 3.2 native
Argyrosomus regius Meagre Sciaenidae benthopelagic 4.3 native
Arnoglossus kessleri Scaldback Bothidae demersal 4.1 native
Arnoglossus laterna Mediterranean scaldfish Bothidae demersal 3.6 native
Arnoglossus thori Thor's scaldfish Bothidae demersal 3.3 native
Atherina boyeri Big-scale sand smelt Atherinidae demersal 3.2 native
Atherina hepsetus Mediterranean sand smelt Atherinidae pelagic-neritic 3.2 native
Auxis rochei Bullet tuna Scombridae pelagic-neritic 4.3 native
Babka gymnotrachelus Racer goby Gobiidae benthopelagic 3.3 native
Balistes capriscus Grey triggerfish Balistidae reef-associated 4.1 native
Belone belone Garfish Belonidae pelagic-oceanic 4.2 native
Belone euxini Belonidae pelagic-oceanic 4.3 native
Blennius ocellaris Butterfly blenny Blenniidae demersal 3.5 native
Boops boops Bogue Sparidae demersal 2.8 native
Buglossidium luteum Solenette Soleidae demersal 3.3 native
Callionymus fasciatus Banded dragonet Callionymidae demersal 3.3 native
Callionymus lyra Dragonet Callionymidae demersal 3.3 native
Callionymus pusillus Sailfin dragonet Callionymidae demersal 3.3 native
Callionymus risso Risso’s dragonet Callionymidae demersal 3.0 native
Carcharhinus limbatus Blacktip shark Carcharhinidae reef-associated 4.4 native
Caspiosoma caspium Gobiidae demersal 3.3 native
Cepola macrophthalma Red bandfish Cepolidae demersal 3.1 native
Chelidonichthys cuculus Red gurnard Triglidae demersal 3.8 native
Chelidonichthys lucerna Tub gurnard Triglidae demersal 4.0 native
Chelon auratus Golden grey mullet Mugilidae pelagic-neritic 2.8 native
Chelon labrosus Thicklip grey mullet Mugilidae demersal 2.6 native
Chelon ramada Thinlip grey mullet Mugilidae pelagic-neritic 2.3 native
Chelon saliens Leaping mullet Mugilidae demersal 2.9 native
Chromis chromis Damselfish Pomacentridae reef-associated 3.8 native
Chromogobius quadrivittatus Chestnut goby Gobiidae demersal 3.4 native
Clupeonella cultriventris Black and Caspian Sea sprat Clupeidae pelagic-neritic 3.0 native
Conger conger European conger Congridae demersal 4.3 native
Coregonus lavaretus European whitefish Salmonidae demersal 3.1 introduced
Coris julis Mediterranean rainbow wrasse Labridae reef-associated 3.4 native
Coryphoblennius galerita Montagu's blenny Blenniidae demersal 2.0 native
Ctenolabrus rupestris Goldsinny-wrasse Labridae reef-associated 3.6 native
Cyprinus carpio Common carp Cyprinidae benthopelagic 3.4 native
Dactylopterus volitans Flying gurnard Dactylopteridae reef-associated 3.7 native
Dasyatis pastinaca Common stingray Dasyatidae demersal 4.1 questionable
Dentex dentex Common dentex Sparidae benthopelagic 4.5 native
Dentex macrophthalmus Large-eye dentex Sparidae benthopelagic 3.5 native
Dicentrarchus labrax European seabass Moronidae demersal 3.5 native
Diplecogaster bimaculata Two-spotted clingfish Gobiesocidae demersal 3.4 native
Diplecogaster euxinica Gobiesocidae demersal 3.1 native
Diplodus annularis Annular seabream Sparidae benthopelagic 3.1 native
Diplodus puntazzo Sharpsnout seabream Sparidae benthopelagic 3.1 native
Diplodus sargus White seabream Sparidae demersal 3.4 native
Diplodus vulgaris Common two-banded seabream Sparidae benthopelagic 3.5 native
Dipturus batis Blue skate Rajidae demersal 3.5 native
Engraulis encrasicolus European anchovy Engraulidae pelagic-neritic 3.1 native
Epinephelus aeneus White grouper Serranidae demersal 4.0 native
Epinephelus caninus Dogtooth grouper Serranidae demersal 3.8 native
Epinephelus costae Goldblotch grouper Serranidae demersal 3.9 native
Epinephelus marginatus Dusky grouper Serranidae reef-associated 4.1 native
Euthynnus alletteratus Little tunny Scombridae reef-associated 4.3 native
Eutrigla gurnardus Grey gurnard Triglidae demersal 3.9 native
Gaidropsarus biscayensis Mediterranean bigeye rockling Lotidae benthopelagic 3.6 native
Gaidropsarus mediterraneus Shore rockling Lotidae demersal 3.5 native
Galeus melastomus Blackmouth catshark Scyliorhinidae demersal 4.2 native
Gasterosteus aculeatus Three-spined stickleback Gasterosteidae benthopelagic 3.3 native
Gobius bucchichi Bucchich's goby Gobiidae demersal 3.2 native
Gobius cobitis Giant goby Gobiidae demersal 3.0 native
Gobius niger Black goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 native
Gobius paganellus Rock goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 native
Gobius xanthocephalus Gobiidae demersal 3.2 native
Gymnammodytes cicerelus Mediterranean sand eel Ammodytidae demersal 3.4 native
Gymnocephalus cernua Ruffe Percidae demersal 3.3 native
Gymnura altavela Spiny butterfly ray Gymnuridae demersal 4.5 native
Hexanchus griseus Bluntnose sixgill shark Hexanchidae bathydemersal 4.5 native
Hippocampus guttulatus Long-snouted seahorse Syngnathidae demersal 3.5 native
Hippocampus hippocampus Short snouted seahorse Syngnathidae demersal 3.2 native
Huso huso Beluga Acipenseridae pelagic-neritic 4.4 native
Knipowitschia cameliae Danube delta dwarf goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 native
Knipowitschia caucasica Caucasian dwarf goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 native
Labrus merula Brown wrasse Labridae reef-associated 3.5 native
Labrus mixtus Cuckoo wrasse Labridae reef-associated 3.9 native
Labrus viridis Labridae reef-associated 3.9 native
Lepadogaster candolii Connemarra clingfish Gobiesocidae demersal 2.8 native
Lepadogaster lepadogaster Shore clingfish Gobiesocidae demersal 3.3 native
Lepomis gibbosus Pumpkinseed Centrarchidae benthopelagic 3.3 introduced
Lichia amia Leerfish Carangidae pelagic-neritic 4.5 native
Lophius budegassa Blackbellied angler Lophiidae bathydemersal 4.4 native
Lophius piscatorius Angler Lophiidae bathydemersal 4.4 native
Merlangius merlangus Whiting Gadidae benthopelagic 4.4 native
Merluccius merluccius European hake Merlucciidae demersal 4.5 native
Mesogobius batrachocephalus Knout goby Gobiidae demersal 4.2 native
Microchirus variegatus Thickback sole Soleidae demersal 3.3 native
Microlipophrys adriaticus Blenniidae demersal 3.4 native
Mugil cephalus Flathead grey mullet Mugilidae benthopelagic 2.5 native
Mullus barbatus barbatus Red mullet Mullidae demersal 3.1 native
Mullus barbatus ponticus Mullidae demersal 3.4 native
Mullus surmuletus Surmullet Mullidae demersal 3.5 native
Mustelus asterias Starry smooth-hound Triakidae demersal 3.6 native
Mustelus mustelus Smooth-hound Triakidae demersal 3.8 native
Mycteroperca rubra Mottled grouper Serranidae demersal 4.1 native
Naucrates ductor Pilotfish Carangidae reef-associated 3.4 native
Neogobius fluviatilis Monkey goby Gobiidae benthopelagic 3.4 native
Neogobius melanostomus Round goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 native
Nerophis ophidion Straightnose pipefish Syngnathidae demersal 4.0 native
Oblada melanura Saddled seabream Sparidae benthopelagic 3.4 native
Ophidion barbatum Snake blenny Ophidiidae demersal 3.6 native
Ophidion rochei Ophidiidae demersal 3.6 native
Pagellus erythrinus Common pandora Sparidae benthopelagic 3.5 native
Parablennius gattorugine Tompot blenny Blenniidae demersal 2.7 native
Parablennius incognitus Blenniidae demersal 2.7 native
Parablennius sanguinolentus Rusty blenny Blenniidae demersal 2.8 native
Parablennius tentacularis Tentacled blenny Blenniidae demersal 3.3 native
Parablennius zvonimiri Blenniidae demersal 2.9 native
Pegusa lascaris Sand sole Soleidae demersal 3.3 native
Pegusa nasuta Blackhand sole Soleidae demersal 3.3 native
Pelecus cultratus Sichel Cyprinidae pelagic 3.6 native
Percarina demidoffii Percarina Percidae benthopelagic 3.5 native
Planiliza haematocheila So-iuy mullet Mugilidae pelagic-neritic 2.5 introduced
Platichthys flesus European flounder Pleuronectidae demersal 3.3 native
Pomatomus saltatrix Bluefish Pomatomidae pelagic-oceanic 4.5 native
Pomatoschistus bathi Gobiidae demersal 3.3 native
Pomatoschistus marmoratus Marbled goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 native
Pomatoschistus minutus Sand goby Gobiidae demersal 3.4 native
Ponticola eurycephalus Mushroom goby Gobiidae demersal 3.5 native
Ponticola kessleri Bighead goby Gobiidae benthopelagic 3.5 native
Ponticola platyrostris Flatsnout goby Gobiidae demersal 3.6 native
Ponticola ratan Ratan goby Gobiidae demersal 4.0 native
Ponticola syrman Syrman goby Gobiidae demersal 3.4 native
Prionace glauca Blue shark Carcharhinidae pelagic-oceanic 4.3 native
Proterorhinus marmoratus Tubenose goby Gobiidae demersal 3.5 native
Proterorhinus semilunaris Western tubenose goby Gobiidae benthopelagic 3.4 native
Pungitius platygaster Southern ninespine stickleback Gasterosteidae benthopelagic 3.5 native
Raja clavata Thornback ray Rajidae demersal 3.8 native
Salaria pavo Peacock blenny Blenniidae demersal 2.0 native
Salmo labrax Black Sea salmon Salmonidae demersal 3.7 native
Salmo trutta Sea trout Salmonidae pelagic-neritic 3.4 native
Sarda sarda Atlantic bonito Scombridae pelagic-neritic 4.2 native
Sardina pilchardus European pilchard Clupeidae pelagic-neritic 3.1 native
Sardinella aurita Round sardinella Clupeidae reef-associated 3.4 native
Sarpa salpa Salema Sparidae benthopelagic 2.0 native
Sciaena umbra Brown meagre Sciaenidae demersal 3.8 native
Scomber japonicus Chub mackerel Scombridae pelagic-neritic 3.4 misidentification
Scomber scombrus Atlantic mackerel Scombridae pelagic-neritic 3.6 native
Scophthalmus maeoticus Black Sea brill Scophthalmidae demersal 4.0 native
Scophthalmus maximus Turbot Scophthalmidae demersal 4.4 native
Scophthalmus rhombus Brill Scophthalmidae demersal 4.4 native
Scorpaena notata Small red scorpionfish Scorpaenidae demersal 3.7 native
Scorpaena porcus Black scorpionfish Scorpaenidae demersal 3.9 native
Scorpaena scrofa Red scorpionfish Scorpaenidae demersal 4.3 native
Scyliorhinus canicula Lesser spotted dogfish Scyliorhinidae demersal 3.8 native
Serranus cabrilla Comber Serranidae demersal 3.3 native
Serranus hepatus Brown comber Serranidae demersal 3.5 native
Serranus scriba Painted comber Serranidae demersal 3.8 native
Solea solea Common sole Soleidae demersal 3.2 native
Sparus aurata Gilthead seabream Sparidae demersal 3.7 native
Sphyraena sphyraena European barracuda Sphyraenidae pelagic-neritic 4.0 native
Spicara maena Blotched picarel Sparidae pelagic-neritic 4.2 native
Spicara smaris Picarel Sparidae pelagic-neritic 3.0 native
Spondyliosoma cantharus Black seabream Sparidae benthopelagic 3.3 native
Sprattus sprattus European sprat Clupeidae pelagic-neritic 3.0 native
Squalius cephalus Chub Cyprinidae benthopelagic 2.7 native
Squalus acanthias Picked dogfish Squalidae benthopelagic 4.4 native
Squalus blainville Longnose spurdog Squalidae demersal 4.0 native
Squatina squatina Angelshark Squatinidae demersal 4.1 native
Symphodus cinereus Grey wrasse Labridae demersal 3.5 native
Symphodus mediterraneus Axillary wrasse Labridae demersal 3.2 native
Symphodus ocellatus Labridae reef-associated 3.4 native
Symphodus roissali Five-spotted wrasse Labridae reef-associated 3.5 native
Symphodus rostratus Labridae reef-associated 3.4 native
Symphodus tinca East Atlantic peacock wrasse Labridae reef-associated 3.3 native
Syngnathus abaster Black-striped pipefish Syngnathidae demersal 3.2 native
Syngnathus acus Greater pipefish Syngnathidae demersal 3.3 native
Syngnathus schmidti Syngnathidae pelagic 3.0 native
Syngnathus tenuirostris Narrow-snouted pipefish Syngnathidae demersal 3.3 native
Syngnathus typhle Broadnosed pipefish Syngnathidae demersal 4.3 native
Syngnathus variegatus Syngnathidae demersal 3.3 native
Thunnus alalunga Albacore Scombridae pelagic-oceanic 4.3 native
Thunnus thynnus Atlantic bluefin tuna Scombridae pelagic-oceanic 4.4 native
Tinca tinca Tench Cyprinidae demersal 2.8 native
Torpedo marmorata Marbled electric ray Torpedinidae reef-associated 4.6 native
Trachinus draco Greater weever Trachinidae demersal 4.2 native
Trachurus mediterraneus Mediterranean horse mackerel Carangidae pelagic-oceanic 3.8 native
Trachurus trachurus Atlantic horse mackerel Carangidae pelagic-neritic 3.7 native
Tripterygion tripteronotum Tripterygiidae demersal 3.4 native
Umbrina cirrosa Shi drum Sciaenidae demersal 3.4 native
Uranoscopus scaber Stargazer Uranoscopidae demersal 4.4 native
Xiphias gladius Swordfish Xiphiidae pelagic-oceanic 4.5 native
Zeus faber John dory Zeidae benthopelagic 4.5 native
Zosterisessor ophiocephalus Grass goby Gobiidae demersal 3.2 native
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