Species in Mediterranean Sea
Note: The list below is incomplete. You can assess the extent of its coverage by examining the references we used to assign species to this ecosystem. Note, however, that there are too many species of invertebrates for SeaLifeBase to provide you with complete species lists. You may be able to help us more on this list by sending us Internet sources or published references that we have not yet used for this ecosystem. We will encode this material, and credit you for providing it
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Species Name Family Habitat Length (cm) Trophic Level Status
Abudefduf saxatilis Sergeant-major Pomacentridae reef-associated 3.8 introduced
Abudefduf vaigiensis Indo-Pacific sergeant Pomacentridae reef-associated 2.6 introduced
Acanthocybium solandri Wahoo Scombridae pelagic-oceanic 4.3 native
Acantholabrus palloni Scale-rayed wrasse Labridae reef-associated 3.5 native
Acanthopagrus bifasciatus Twobar seabream Sparidae reef-associated 3.4 introduced
Acanthostracion notacanthus Island cowfish Ostraciidae demersal 2.4 questionable
Acanthostracion quadricornis Scrawled cowfish Ostraciidae reef-associated 2.7 questionable
Acanthurus monroviae Monrovia doctorfish Acanthuridae demersal 2.5 native
Acipenser naccarii Adriatic sturgeon Acipenseridae demersal 3.3 endemic
Acipenser stellatus Starry sturgeon Acipenseridae demersal 3.5 native
Acipenser sturio Sturgeon Acipenseridae demersal 3.5 native
Aetomylaeus bovinus Bull ray Myliobatidae benthopelagic 3.8 native
Aidablennius sphynx Blenniidae demersal 2.1 native
Alectis alexandrina Alexandria pompano Carangidae pelagic-neritic 3.6 native
Alepes djedaba Shrimp scad Carangidae reef-associated 3.3 introduced
Alepisaurus ferox Long snouted lancetfish Alepisauridae bathypelagic 4.0 native
Alepocephalus rostratus Risso's smooth-head Alepocephalidae bathydemersal 3.7 native
Alopias superciliosus Bigeye thresher Alopiidae pelagic-oceanic 4.5 native
Alopias vulpinus Thresher Alopiidae pelagic-oceanic 4.5 native
Alosa algeriensis North African shad Clupeidae pelagic-neritic 3.9 native
Alosa alosa Allis shad Clupeidae pelagic-neritic 3.0 native
Alosa fallax Twaite shad Clupeidae pelagic-neritic 4.0 native
Aluterus monoceros Unicorn leatherjacket filefish Monacanthidae reef-associated 2.0 introduced
Amblyraja radiata Starry ray Rajidae demersal 4.2 misidentification
Ammodytes tobianus Small sandeel Ammodytidae demersal 3.1 native
Anarchias euryurus Muraenidae demersal 3.5 native
Anguilla anguilla European eel Anguillidae demersal 3.5 native
Anguilla japonica Japanese eel Anguillidae demersal 3.5 questionable
Anthias anthias Swallowtail seaperch Serranidae reef-associated 3.8 native
Aphanius dispar Arabian pupfish Cyprinodontidae demersal 2.0 introduced
Aphanius fasciatus Mediterranean banded killifish Cyprinodontidae demersal 2.7 native
Aphia minuta Transparent goby Gobiidae pelagic-neritic 3.1 native
Apletodon dentatus Small-headed clingfish Gobiesocidae demersal 3.1 native
Apletodon incognitus Gobiesocidae demersal 3.1 native
Apogon imberbis Cardinal fish Apogonidae reef-associated 3.8 native
Apogonichthyoides nigripinnis Bullseye Apogonidae reef-associated 3.4 misidentification
Apogonichthyoides pharaonis Apogonidae demersal 3.4 introduced
Apogonichthyoides taeniatus Twobelt cardinal Apogonidae reef-associated 3.5 misidentification
Apterichtus anguiformis Slender finless eel Ophichthidae demersal 4.0 native
Apterichtus caecus European finless eel Ophichthidae demersal 4.1 native
Arctozenus risso Spotted barracudina Paralepididae bathypelagic 3.9 native
Argentina sphyraena Argentine Argentinidae bathydemersal 3.5 native
Argyropelecus hemigymnus Half-naked hatchetfish Sternoptychidae bathypelagic 3.1 native
Argyropelecus olfersii Sternoptychidae bathypelagic 3.4 native
Argyrosomus regius Meagre Sciaenidae benthopelagic 4.3 native
Ariosoma balearicum Bandtooth conger Congridae reef-associated 3.9 native
Arnoglossus grohmanni Bothidae demersal 3.6 native
Arnoglossus imperialis Imperial scaldfish Bothidae demersal 3.8 native
Arnoglossus kessleri Scaldback Bothidae demersal 4.1 native
Arnoglossus laterna Mediterranean scaldfish Bothidae demersal 3.6 native
Arnoglossus rueppelii Rüppell's scaldback Bothidae demersal 4.0 native
Arnoglossus thori Thor's scaldfish Bothidae demersal 3.3 native
Arothron hispidus White-spotted puffer Tetraodontidae reef-associated 3.4 questionable
Atherina boyeri Big-scale sand smelt Atherinidae demersal 3.2 native
Atherina hepsetus Mediterranean sand smelt Atherinidae pelagic-neritic 3.2 native
Atherina presbyter Sand smelt Atherinidae pelagic-neritic 3.7 native
Atherinomorus forskalii Red Sea hardyhead silverside Atherinidae reef-associated 3.3 introduced
Atherinomorus lacunosus Wide-banded hardyhead silverside Atherinidae reef-associated 3.3 introduced
Aulopus filamentosus Royal flagfin Aulopidae demersal 4.2 native
Aulotrachichthys sajademalensis Saya de Malha luminous roughy Trachichthyidae bathypelagic 4.3 native
Auxis rochei Bullet tuna Scombridae pelagic-neritic 4.3 native
Balistes capriscus Grey triggerfish Balistidae reef-associated 4.1 native
Bathophilus nigerrimus Scaleless dragonfish Stomiidae bathypelagic 4.2 native
Bathophilus vaillanti Stomiidae bathypelagic 4.4 native
Bathygobius soporator Frillfin goby Gobiidae demersal 3.7 native
Bathypterois dubius Mediterranean spiderfish Ipnopidae bathydemersal 3.4 native
Bathypterois grallator Tripodfish Ipnopidae bathydemersal 3.1 native
Bathysaurus mollis Highfin lizardfish Bathysauridae bathydemersal 4.5 native
Bathysolea profundicola Deepwater sole Soleidae bathypelagic 3.2 native
Bathytoshia centroura Roughtail stingray Dasyatidae demersal 3.7 misidentification
Bellottia apoda Bythitidae bathydemersal 3.4 native
Belone belone Garfish Belonidae pelagic-oceanic 4.2 native
Belone svetovidovi Belonidae pelagic-oceanic 4.3 native
Benthocometes robustus Ophidiidae bathydemersal 3.1 native
Benthophilus stellatus Stellate tadpole-goby Gobiidae demersal 3.7 native
Benthosema glaciale Glacier lantern fish Myctophidae pelagic-oceanic 3.0 native
Beryx decadactylus Alfonsino Berycidae bathydemersal 4.1 native
Beryx splendens Splendid alfonsino Berycidae benthopelagic 4.3 introduced
Blennius ocellaris Butterfly blenny Blenniidae demersal 3.5 native
Boops boops Bogue Sparidae demersal 2.8 native
Borostomias antarcticus Snaggletooth Stomiidae bathydemersal 3.6 native
Bothus podas Wide-eyed flounder Bothidae demersal 3.4 native
Brama brama Atlantic pomfret Bramidae pelagic-neritic 4.1 native
Bregmaceros atlanticus Antenna codlet Bregmacerotidae pelagic-oceanic 2.8 misidentification
Bregmaceros nectabanus Smallscale codlet Bregmacerotidae pelagic-neritic 3.2 introduced
Buenia affinis De Buen's goby Gobiidae demersal 3.2 endemic
Buenia jeffreysii Jeffrey's goby Gobiidae demersal 3.6 questionable
Buenia lombartei Gobiidae demersal native
Buglossidium luteum Solenette Soleidae demersal 3.3 native
Callanthias ruber Parrot seaperch Callanthiidae demersal 3.8 native
Callionymus fasciatus Banded dragonet Callionymidae demersal 3.3 native
Callionymus filamentosus Blotchfin dragonet Callionymidae demersal 3.3 introduced
Callionymus lyra Dragonet Callionymidae demersal 3.3 native
Callionymus maculatus Callionymidae demersal 3.3 native
Callionymus pusillus Sailfin dragonet Callionymidae demersal 3.3 native
Callionymus reticulatus Reticulated dragonet Callionymidae demersal 3.3 native
Callionymus risso Risso’s dragonet Callionymidae demersal 3.0 native
Campogramma glaycos Vadigo Carangidae benthopelagic 4.5 native
Capros aper Boarfish Caproidae demersal 3.1 native
Caranx crysos Blue runner Carangidae reef-associated 4.1 native
Caranx hippos Crevalle jack Carangidae reef-associated 3.6 native
Caranx rhonchus False scad Carangidae benthopelagic 3.6 native
Carapus acus Pearl fish Carapidae demersal 4.0 native
Carcharhinus altimus Bignose shark Carcharhinidae reef-associated 4.5 introduced
Carcharhinus amboinensis Pigeye shark Carcharhinidae reef-associated 4.3 native
Carcharhinus brachyurus Copper shark Carcharhinidae reef-associated 4.3 native
Carcharhinus brevipinna Spinner shark Carcharhinidae reef-associated 4.2 native
Carcharhinus falciformis Silky shark Carcharhinidae reef-associated 4.4 introduced
Carcharhinus limbatus Blacktip shark Carcharhinidae reef-associated 4.4 native
Carcharhinus longimanus Oceanic whitetip shark Carcharhinidae pelagic-oceanic 4.2 native
Carcharhinus melanopterus Blacktip reef shark Carcharhinidae reef-associated 3.9 questionable
Carcharhinus obscurus Dusky shark Carcharhinidae reef-associated 4.3 native
Carcharhinus plumbeus Sandbar shark Carcharhinidae benthopelagic 4.3 native
Carcharias taurus Sand tiger shark Odontaspididae reef-associated 4.5 native
Carcharodon carcharias Great white shark Lamnidae pelagic-oceanic 4.5 native
Carlarius parkii Guinean sea catfish Ariidae demersal 4.1 introduced
Cataetyx alleni Bythitidae bathydemersal 3.4 native
Cataetyx laticeps Bythitidae bathydemersal 3.8 native
Centracanthus cirrus Curled picarel Sparidae benthopelagic 3.4 native
Centrolabrus exoletus Rock cook Labridae reef-associated 3.5 introduced
Centrolabrus melanocercus Labridae reef-associated 3.2 endemic
Centrolophus niger Rudderfish Centrolophidae bathypelagic 3.9 native
Centrophorus granulosus Gulper shark Centrophoridae bathydemersal 4.1 native
Centrophorus uyato Little gulper shark Centrophoridae bathydemersal 4.5 native
Centroscymnus coelolepis Portuguese dogfish Somniosidae bathydemersal 4.5 native
Cephalopholis taeniops Bluespotted seabass Serranidae demersal 4.4 introduced
Cepola macrophthalma Red bandfish Cepolidae demersal 3.1 native
Ceratoscopelus maderensis Madeira lantern fish Myctophidae bathypelagic 3.0 native
Cetorhinus maximus Basking shark Cetorhinidae pelagic-oceanic 3.2 native
Chaetodon hoefleri Four-banded butterflyfish Chaetodontidae reef-associated 3.5 questionable
Chaetodon larvatus Hooded butterflyfish Chaetodontidae reef-associated 3.4 introduced
Champsodon nudivittis Champsodontidae pelagic-oceanic 4.1 introduced
Champsodon vorax Champsodontidae demersal 4.0 introduced
Chanos chanos Milkfish Chanidae benthopelagic 2.4 introduced
Chauliodus sloani Sloane's viperfish Stomiidae bathypelagic 4.2 native
Chaunax suttkusi Chaunacidae bathydemersal 4.1 introduced
Cheilopogon exsiliens Bandwing flyingfish Exocoetidae pelagic-oceanic 3.0 native
Cheilopogon heterurus Mediterranean flyingfish Exocoetidae pelagic-neritic 3.4 native
Chelidonichthys cuculus Red gurnard Triglidae demersal 3.8 native
Chelidonichthys lastoviza Streaked gurnard Triglidae demersal 3.5 native
Chelidonichthys lucerna Tub gurnard Triglidae demersal 4.0 native
Chelidonichthys obscurus Longfin gurnard Triglidae demersal 3.7 native
Chelon auratus Golden grey mullet Mugilidae pelagic-neritic 2.8 native
Chelon labrosus Thicklip grey mullet Mugilidae demersal 2.6 native
Chelon ramada Thinlip grey mullet Mugilidae pelagic-neritic 2.3 native
Chelon saliens Leaping mullet Mugilidae demersal 2.9 native
Chimaera monstrosa Rabbit fish Chimaeridae bathydemersal 3.8 native
Chlopsis bicolor Bicolor eel Chlopsidae demersal 3.7 native
Chlorophthalmus agassizi Shortnose greeneye Chlorophthalmidae bathydemersal 3.7 native
Chromis chromis Damselfish Pomacentridae reef-associated 3.8 native
Chromis viridis Blue green damselfish Pomacentridae reef-associated 2.9 native
Chromogobius quadrivittatus Chestnut goby Gobiidae demersal 3.4 native
Chromogobius zebratus Kolombatovic's goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 native
Citharus linguatula Spotted flounder Citharidae demersal 4.0 native
Clinitrachus argentatus Cline Clinidae demersal 3.5 native
Coelorinchus caelorhincus Hollowsnout grenadier Macrouridae benthopelagic 3.5 native
Coelorinchus mediterraneus Macrouridae bathydemersal 3.5 native
Coelorinchus occa Swordsnout grenadier Macrouridae bathydemersal 3.6 native
Conger conger European conger Congridae demersal 4.3 native
Corcyrogobius liechtensteini Liechtenstein's goby Gobiidae demersal 3.0 endemic
Coregonus lavaretus European whitefish Salmonidae demersal 3.1 introduced
Coris julis Mediterranean rainbow wrasse Labridae reef-associated 3.4 native
Coryogalops ocheticus Gobiidae demersal 3.2 introduced
Coryphaena equiselis Pompano dolphinfish Coryphaenidae pelagic-oceanic 4.5 native
Coryphaena hippurus Common dolphinfish Coryphaenidae pelagic-neritic 3.8 native
Coryphaenoides guentheri Günther's grenadier Macrouridae bathydemersal 3.3 native
Coryphaenoides mediterraneus Mediterranean grenadier Macrouridae bathypelagic 3.4 native
Coryphoblennius galerita Montagu's blenny Blenniidae demersal 2.0 native
Crenidens crenidens Karanteen seabream Sparidae demersal 2.8 introduced
Crystallogobius linearis Crystal goby Gobiidae demersal 3.4 native
Ctenolabrus rupestris Goldsinny-wrasse Labridae reef-associated 3.6 native
Cubiceps capensis Cape fathead Nomeidae pelagic-oceanic 3.4 native
Cubiceps gracilis Driftfish Nomeidae pelagic-oceanic 3.4 native
Cyclichthys spilostylus Spotbase burrfish Diodontidae reef-associated 3.5 introduced
Cyclothone braueri Garrick Gonostomatidae bathypelagic 3.1 native
Cyclothone microdon Veiled anglemouth Gonostomatidae bathypelagic 3.0 native
Cyclothone pygmaea Gonostomatidae bathypelagic 3.4 endemic
Cynoglossus sinusarabici Cynoglossidae demersal 3.4 introduced
Cynoponticus ferox Guinean pike conger Muraenesocidae demersal 3.6 native
Dactylopterus volitans Flying gurnard Dactylopteridae reef-associated 3.7 native
Dagetichthys lusitanicus Portuguese sole Soleidae demersal 3.6 native
Dalatias licha Kitefin shark Dalatiidae bathydemersal 4.2 native
Dalophis imberbis Armless snake eel Ophichthidae demersal 4.0 native
Dasyatis chrysonota Blue stingray Dasyatidae demersal 3.8 introduced
Dasyatis marmorata Marbled stingray Dasyatidae demersal 3.6 native
Dasyatis pastinaca Common stingray Dasyatidae demersal 4.1 native
Dasyatis tortonesei Tortonese's stingray Dasyatidae demersal 4.0 endemic
Decapterus macarellus Mackerel scad Carangidae pelagic-oceanic 4.0 native
Decapterus punctatus Round scad Carangidae reef-associated 3.4 native
Decapterus russelli Indian scad Carangidae benthopelagic 3.7 introduced
Deltentosteus collonianus Toothed goby Gobiidae demersal 3.5 native
Deltentosteus quadrimaculatus Four-spotted goby Gobiidae demersal 3.1 native
Dentex dentex Common dentex Sparidae benthopelagic 4.5 native
Dentex gibbosus Pink dentex Sparidae benthopelagic 4.1 native
Dentex macrophthalmus Large-eye dentex Sparidae benthopelagic 3.5 native
Dentex maroccanus Morocco dentex Sparidae demersal 3.8 native
Diaphus holti Small lantern fish Myctophidae bathypelagic 3.1 native
Diaphus metopoclampus Spothead lantern fish Myctophidae bathypelagic 3.3 native
Diaphus rafinesquii White-spotted lantern fish Myctophidae bathypelagic 3.4 native
Dicentrarchus labrax European seabass Moronidae demersal 3.5 native
Dicentrarchus punctatus Spotted seabass Moronidae pelagic-neritic 3.9 native
Dicologlossa cuneata Wedge sole Soleidae demersal 3.3 native
Dicologlossa hexophthalma Ocellated wedge sole Soleidae demersal 3.4 introduced
Didogobius bentuvii Ben-Tuvia's goby Gobiidae demersal 3.2 endemic
Didogobius schlieweni Gobiidae demersal 3.2 endemic
Didogobius splechtnai Gobiidae demersal 3.1 endemic
Diodon hystrix Spot-fin porcupinefish Diodontidae reef-associated 4.0 questionable
Diogenichthys atlanticus Longfin lanternfish Myctophidae bathypelagic 3.1 native
Diplecogaster bimaculata Two-spotted clingfish Gobiesocidae demersal 3.4 native
Diplodus annularis Annular seabream Sparidae benthopelagic 3.1 native
Diplodus bellottii Senegal seabream Sparidae benthopelagic 3.5 native
Diplodus cervinus Zebra seabream Sparidae reef-associated 3.0 native
Diplodus puntazzo Sharpsnout seabream Sparidae benthopelagic 3.1 native
Diplodus sargus White seabream Sparidae demersal 3.4 native
Diplodus vulgaris Common two-banded seabream Sparidae benthopelagic 3.5 native
Dipturus batis Blue skate Rajidae demersal 3.5 native
Dipturus oxyrinchus Longnosed skate Rajidae bathydemersal 3.5 native
Dussumieria acuta Rainbow sardine Dussumieriidae pelagic-neritic 3.4 misidentification
Dussumieria elopsoides Slender rainbow sardine Dussumieriidae pelagic-neritic 3.4 introduced
Dysomma brevirostre Pignosed arrowtooth eel Synaphobranchidae benthopelagic 3.7 native
Echelus myrus Painted eel Ophichthidae demersal 4.3 native
Echeneis naucrates Live sharksucker Echeneidae reef-associated 3.7 native
Echiichthys vipera Lesser weever Trachinidae demersal 4.4 native
Echinorhinus brucus Bramble shark Echinorhinidae bathydemersal 4.4 native
Echiodon dentatus Carapidae demersal 3.5 native
Echiodon drummondii Carapidae bathydemersal 4.0 native
Elagatis bipinnulata Rainbow runner Carangidae reef-associated 4.3 native
Electrona risso Electric lantern fish Myctophidae bathypelagic 3.4 native
Enchelycore anatina Fangtooth moray Muraenidae demersal 4.0 introduced
Encrasicholina gloria Red Sea anchovy Engraulidae pelagic-neritic 3.2 native
Engraulis albidus Engraulidae pelagic-neritic 3.0 endemic
Engraulis encrasicolus European anchovy Engraulidae pelagic-neritic 3.1 native
Entelurus aequoreus Snake pipefish Syngnathidae demersal 3.5 native
Ephippion guttifer Prickly puffer Tetraodontidae demersal 3.5 native
Epigonus constanciae Epigonidae bathydemersal 3.5 native
Epigonus denticulatus Pencil cardinal Epigonidae bathydemersal 3.4 native
Epigonus telescopus Black cardinal fish Epigonidae bathydemersal 3.6 native
Epinephelus aeneus White grouper Serranidae demersal 4.0 native
Epinephelus caninus Dogtooth grouper Serranidae demersal 3.8 native
Epinephelus coioides Orange-spotted grouper Serranidae reef-associated 4.0 introduced
Epinephelus costae Goldblotch grouper Serranidae demersal 3.9 native
Epinephelus malabaricus Malabar grouper Serranidae reef-associated 4.2 introduced
Epinephelus marginatus Dusky grouper Serranidae reef-associated 4.1 native
Epinephelus tauvina Greasy grouper Serranidae reef-associated 4.1 misidentification
Equulites klunzingeri Leiognathidae demersal 3.5 introduced
Eretmophorus kleinenbergi Moridae benthopelagic 3.4 native
Etmopterus spinax Velvet belly Etmopteridae bathydemersal 4.1 native
Etrumeus golanii Dussumieriidae pelagic-neritic 3.5 introduced
Etrumeus sadina Red-eye round herring Dussumieriidae pelagic-neritic 3.6 misidentification
Eutelichthys leptochirus Liparidae bathydemersal 3.2 endemic
Euthynnus alletteratus Little tunny Scombridae reef-associated 4.3 native
Eutrigla gurnardus Grey gurnard Triglidae demersal 3.9 native
Evermannella balbo Balbo sabretooth Evermannellidae bathypelagic 4.2 native
Evynnis ehrenbergii Sparidae benthopelagic 3.4 native
Exocoetus obtusirostris Oceanic two-wing flyingfish Exocoetidae pelagic-neritic 3.0 native
Exocoetus volitans Tropical two-wing flyingfish Exocoetidae pelagic-neritic 3.0 native
Facciolella oxyrhyncha Facciola's sorcerer Nettastomatidae demersal 3.5 native
Favonigobius melanobranchus Blackthroat goby Gobiidae demersal 3.4 native
Fistularia commersonii Bluespotted cornetfish Fistulariidae reef-associated 4.3 introduced
Fistularia petimba Red cornetfish Fistulariidae reef-associated 4.4 introduced
Gadella maraldi Gadella Moridae benthopelagic 3.5 native
Gadiculus argenteus Silvery pout Gadidae pelagic-oceanic 3.6 native
Gadus morhua Atlantic cod Gadidae benthopelagic 4.1 introduced
Gaidropsarus biscayensis Mediterranean bigeye rockling Lotidae benthopelagic 3.6 native
Gaidropsarus granti Azores rockling Lotidae demersal 3.6 native
Gaidropsarus mediterraneus Shore rockling Lotidae demersal 3.5 native
Gaidropsarus vulgaris Three-bearded rockling Lotidae demersal 3.5 native
Galeocerdo cuvier Tiger shark Carcharhinidae benthopelagic 4.6 introduced
Galeoides decadactylus Lesser African threadfin Polynemidae demersal 3.6 native
Galeorhinus galeus Tope shark Triakidae benthopelagic 4.3 native
Galeus atlanticus Atlantic sawtail cat shark Scyliorhinidae bathydemersal 4.0 native
Galeus melastomus Blackmouth catshark Scyliorhinidae demersal 4.2 native
Gammogobius steinitzi Steinitz's goby Gobiidae demersal 3.2 endemic
Gasterosteus aculeatus Three-spined stickleback Gasterosteidae benthopelagic 3.3 native
Gephyroberyx darwinii Darwin's slimehead Trachichthyidae benthopelagic 3.9 introduced
Glaucostegus cemiculus Blackchin guitarfish Glaucostegidae demersal 4.0 native
Glaucostegus halavi Halavi ray Glaucostegidae benthopelagic 4.1 native
Glossanodon leioglossus Smalltoothed argentine Argentinidae bathydemersal 3.5 native
Gnathophis mystax Thinlip conger Congridae demersal 4.0 native
Gobius ater Bellotti's goby Gobiidae demersal 3.2 native
Gobius auratus Golden goby Gobiidae demersal 3.0 native
Gobius bucchichi Bucchich's goby Gobiidae demersal 3.2 native
Gobius cobitis Giant goby Gobiidae demersal 3.0 native
Gobius couchi Couch's goby Gobiidae demersal 2.9 native
Gobius cruentatus Red-mouthed goby Gobiidae demersal 3.4 native
Gobius fallax Sarato's goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 native
Gobius gasteveni Steven's goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 native
Gobius geniporus Slender goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 endemic
Gobius incognitus Gobiidae benthopelagic 3.3 native
Gobius kolombatovici Gobiidae demersal 3.2 native
Gobius niger Black goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 native
Gobius paganellus Rock goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 native
Gobius roulei Roule's goby Gobiidae bathydemersal 3.2 native
Gobius strictus Schmidt's goby Gobiidae demersal 3.2 endemic
Gobius vittatus Striped goby Gobiidae demersal 2.9 endemic
Gobius xanthocephalus Gobiidae demersal 3.2 native
Gobiusculus flavescens Two-spotted goby Gobiidae reef-associated 3.2 questionable
Gonichthys cocco Cocco’s lanternfish Myctophidae bathypelagic 3.2 native
Gonostoma denudatum Gonostomatidae bathypelagic 3.3 native
Gouania willdenowi Blunt-snouted clingfish Gobiesocidae demersal 3.2 native
Grammonus ater Bythitidae reef-associated 3.5 endemic
Guttigadus latifrons Moridae bathydemersal 3.4 native
Gymnammodytes cicerelus Mediterranean sand eel Ammodytidae demersal 3.4 native
Gymnammodytes semisquamatus Smooth sandeel Ammodytidae demersal 2.7 introduced
Gymnothorax reticularis Muraenidae demersal 4.0 introduced
Gymnothorax unicolor Brown moray Muraenidae demersal 3.4 native
Gymnura altavela Spiny butterfly ray Gymnuridae demersal 4.5 native
Halobatrachus didactylus Lusitanian toadfish Batrachoididae demersal 4.0 native
Halosaurus ovenii Halosauridae bathydemersal 3.5 introduced
Helicolenus dactylopterus Blackbelly rosefish Sebastidae bathydemersal 4.0 native
Hemiramphus far Black-barred halfbeak Hemiramphidae reef-associated 2.9 introduced
Heptranchias perlo Sharpnose sevengill shark Hexanchidae bathydemersal 4.2 native
Herklotsichthys punctatus Spotback herring Clupeidae pelagic-neritic 3.1 introduced
Hexanchus griseus Bluntnose sixgill shark Hexanchidae bathydemersal 4.5 native
Hexanchus nakamurai Bigeyed sixgill shark Hexanchidae bathydemersal 4.2 native
Himantura uarnak Honeycomb stingray Dasyatidae reef-associated 3.6 introduced
Hippocampus fuscus Sea pony Syngnathidae demersal 3.4 introduced
Hippocampus guttulatus Long-snouted seahorse Syngnathidae demersal 3.5 native
Hippocampus hippocampus Short snouted seahorse Syngnathidae demersal 3.2 native
Hirundichthys rondeletii Black wing flyingfish Exocoetidae pelagic-oceanic 3.0 native
Hirundichthys speculiger Mirrorwing flyingfish Exocoetidae pelagic-oceanic 3.0 native
Holacanthus ciliaris Queen angelfish Pomacanthidae reef-associated 3.0 introduced
Hoplostethus mediterraneus Mediterranean slimehead Trachichthyidae benthopelagic 3.5 native
Huso huso Beluga Acipenseridae pelagic-neritic 4.4 native
Hygophum benoiti Benoit's lanternfish Myctophidae bathypelagic 3.0 native
Hygophum hygomii Bermuda lantern fish Myctophidae bathypelagic 3.0 native
Hymenocephalus italicus Glasshead grenadier Macrouridae benthopelagic 3.4 native
Hyperoglyphe perciformis Barrelfish Centrolophidae pelagic-oceanic 3.9 native
Hypleurochilus bananensis Blenniidae demersal 3.2 native
Hyporhamphus affinis Tropical halfbeak Hemiramphidae reef-associated 3.5 introduced
Hyporhamphus picarti African halfbeak Hemiramphidae benthopelagic 2.0 native
Hyporthodus haifensis Haifa grouper Serranidae demersal 4.0 native
Ichthyococcus ovatus Lightfish Phosichthyidae bathypelagic 3.4 native
Iniistius pavo Peacock wrasse Labridae reef-associated 3.5 introduced
Istiompax indica Black marlin Istiophoridae pelagic-oceanic 4.5 questionable
Istiophorus albicans Atlantic sailfish Istiophoridae pelagic-oceanic 4.5 native
Isurus oxyrinchus Shortfin mako Lamnidae pelagic-oceanic 4.5 native
Jaydia queketti Spotfin cardinal Apogonidae benthopelagic 3.5 introduced
Jaydia smithi Smith's cardinalfish Apogonidae demersal 3.5 introduced
Kajikia albida Atlantic white marlin Istiophoridae pelagic-oceanic 4.5 native
Katsuwonus pelamis Skipjack tuna Scombridae pelagic-oceanic 4.4 native
Knipowitschia caucasica Caucasian dwarf goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 native
Kyphosus sectatrix Bermuda sea chub Kyphosidae reef-associated 2.0 native
Labrus bergylta Ballan wrasse Labridae reef-associated 4.0 questionable
Labrus merula Brown wrasse Labridae reef-associated 3.5 native
Labrus mixtus Cuckoo wrasse Labridae reef-associated 3.9 native
Labrus viridis Labridae reef-associated 3.9 native
Lactophrys trigonus Buffalo trunkfish Ostraciidae reef-associated 3.3 questionable
Lagocephalus lagocephalus Oceanic puffer Tetraodontidae benthopelagic 3.7 native
Lagocephalus sceleratus Silver-cheeked toadfish Tetraodontidae reef-associated 3.7 introduced
Lagocephalus spadiceus Half-smooth golden pufferfish Tetraodontidae demersal 3.7 introduced
Lagocephalus suezensis Tetraodontidae demersal 3.5 introduced
Lamna nasus Porbeagle Lamnidae pelagic-oceanic 4.5 native
Lampanyctus crocodilus Jewel lanternfish Myctophidae bathypelagic 3.2 native
Lampanyctus pusillus Pygmy lanternfish Myctophidae bathypelagic 3.4 native
Lampetra fluviatilis River lamprey Petromyzontidae demersal 4.5 native
Lampris guttatus Opah Lampridae bathypelagic 4.2 native
Lappanella fasciata Labridae reef-associated 3.3 native
Lebetus guilleti Guillet's goby Gobiidae reef-associated 3.1 native
Lepadogaster candolii Connemarra clingfish Gobiesocidae demersal 2.8 native
Lepadogaster lepadogaster Shore clingfish Gobiesocidae demersal 3.3 native
Lepadogaster purpurea Cornish sucker Gobiesocidae demersal 3.3 native
Lepidion guentheri Moridae benthopelagic 3.6 native
Lepidion lepidion Mediterranean codling Moridae bathypelagic 3.6 endemic
Lepidopus caudatus Silver scabbardfish Trichiuridae benthopelagic 3.8 native
Lepidorhombus boscii Four-spot megrim Scophthalmidae demersal 3.7 native
Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis Megrim Scophthalmidae bathydemersal 4.3 native
Lepidotrigla cavillone Large-scaled gurnard Triglidae demersal 3.3 native
Lepidotrigla dieuzeidei Spiny gurnard Triglidae demersal 3.7 native
Lestidiops jayakari Pacific barracudina Paralepididae bathypelagic 4.2 native
Lestidiops pseudosphyraenoides Paralepididae pelagic-oceanic 3.9 native
Lestidiops sphyrenoides Paralepididae bathypelagic 4.5 native
Lestidium atlanticum Atlantic barracudina Paralepididae bathypelagic 3.8 native
Lesueurigobius friesii Fries's goby Gobiidae demersal 3.4 native
Lesueurigobius sanzi Sanzo's goby Gobiidae demersal 3.4 native
Lesueurigobius suerii Lesueur's goby Gobiidae demersal 3.5 endemic
Leucoraja circularis Sandy ray Rajidae demersal 3.5 native
Leucoraja fullonica Shagreen ray Rajidae bathydemersal 3.5 native
Leucoraja melitensis Maltese ray Rajidae bathydemersal 3.3 endemic
Leucoraja naevus Cuckoo ray Rajidae demersal 4.2 native
Lichia amia Leerfish Carangidae pelagic-neritic 4.5 native
Lipophrys pholis Shanny Blenniidae demersal 3.1 native
Lipophrys trigloides Blenniidae demersal 2.0 native
Lithognathus mormyrus Sand steenbras Sparidae demersal 3.4 native
Liza carinata Keeled mullet Mugilidae pelagic-neritic 2.6 introduced
Lobianchia dofleini Dofleini's lantern fish Myctophidae bathypelagic 3.0 native
Lobianchia gemellarii Cocco's lantern fish Myctophidae bathypelagic 3.0 native
Lobotes surinamensis Tripletail Lobotidae benthopelagic 4.0 native
Lophius budegassa Blackbellied angler Lophiidae bathydemersal 4.4 native
Lophius piscatorius Angler Lophiidae bathydemersal 4.4 native
Lophotus lacepede Crested oarfish Lophotidae bathypelagic 4.5 native
Lutjanus argentimaculatus Mangrove red snapper Lutjanidae reef-associated 3.6 introduced
Lutjanus jocu Dog snapper Lutjanidae reef-associated 4.4 native
Luvarus imperialis Luvar Luvaridae pelagic-oceanic 3.8 native
Macroramphosus scolopax Longspine snipefish Centriscidae demersal 3.5 native
Makaira nigricans Blue marlin Istiophoridae pelagic-oceanic 4.5 native
Maurolicus muelleri Silvery lightfish Sternoptychidae bathypelagic 3.0 native
Melanostigma atlanticum Atlantic soft pout Zoarcidae bathypelagic 3.2 native
Merlangius merlangus Whiting Gadidae benthopelagic 4.4 native
Merluccius merluccius European hake Merlucciidae demersal 4.5 native
Microchirus azevia Soleidae demersal 3.2 native
Microchirus boscanion Lusitanian sole Soleidae demersal 3.2 native
Microchirus ocellatus Foureyed sole Soleidae demersal 3.2 native
Microchirus variegatus Thickback sole Soleidae demersal 3.3 native
Microichthys coccoi Epigonidae demersal 3.1 endemic
Microichthys sanzoi Epigonidae demersal 3.2 endemic
Microlipophrys adriaticus Blenniidae demersal 3.4 native
Microlipophrys canevae Blenniidae demersal 2.1 native
Microlipophrys dalmatinus Blenniidae demersal 2.3 native
Microlipophrys nigriceps Black-headed blenny Blenniidae demersal 2.5 endemic
Micromesistius poutassou Blue whiting Gadidae bathypelagic 4.1 native
Microstoma microstoma Slender argentine Microstomatidae bathypelagic 3.4 native
Millerigobius macrocephalus Gobiidae demersal 3.2 endemic
Minyichthys sentus Syngnathidae demersal 3.2 native
Mobula mobular Devil fish Myliobatidae pelagic-neritic 3.7 native
Mola mola Ocean sunfish Molidae pelagic-oceanic 3.7 native
Molva dypterygia Blue ling Lotidae demersal 4.5 native
Molva macrophthalma Spanish ling Lotidae demersal 4.5 native
Molva molva Ling Lotidae demersal 4.4 native
Monochirus hispidus Whiskered sole Soleidae demersal 3.5 native
Monotaxis grandoculis Humpnose big-eye bream Lethrinidae reef-associated 3.5 questionable
Mora moro Common mora Moridae bathypelagic 3.8 native
Mugil cephalus Flathead grey mullet Mugilidae benthopelagic 2.5 native
Mullus barbatus barbatus Red mullet Mullidae demersal 3.1 native
Mullus surmuletus Surmullet Mullidae demersal 3.5 native
Muraena helena Mediterranean moray Muraenidae reef-associated 4.2 native
Muraenesox cinereus Daggertooth pike conger Muraenesocidae demersal 4.4 introduced
Mustelus asterias Starry smooth-hound Triakidae demersal 3.6 native
Mustelus mustelus Smooth-hound Triakidae demersal 3.8 native
Mustelus punctulatus Blackspotted smooth-hound Triakidae demersal 3.8 native
Mycteroperca fusca Island grouper Serranidae demersal 4.3 native
Mycteroperca rubra Mottled grouper Serranidae demersal 4.1 native
Myctophum punctatum Spotted lanternfish Myctophidae bathypelagic 3.4 native
Myliobatis aquila Common eagle ray Myliobatidae benthopelagic 3.6 native
Mystriophis crosnieri Ophichthidae demersal 3.5 native
Myxine glutinosa Atlantic hagfish Myxinidae demersal 3.4 native
Nansenia iberica Microstomatidae bathypelagic 3.3 endemic
Nansenia oblita Microstomatidae pelagic-oceanic 3.2 native
Naucrates ductor Pilotfish Carangidae reef-associated 3.4 native
Nemichthys scolopaceus Slender snipe eel Nemichthyidae bathypelagic 3.4 native
Nemipterus japonicus Japanese threadfin bream Nemipteridae demersal 4.1 introduced
Nemipterus randalli Randall's threadfin bream Nemipteridae demersal 3.7 introduced
Nerophis lumbriciformis Worm pipefish Syngnathidae demersal 4.0 native
Nerophis maculatus Syngnathidae demersal 3.4 native
Nerophis ophidion Straightnose pipefish Syngnathidae demersal 4.0 native
Nettastoma melanurum Blackfin sorcerer Nettastomatidae bathypelagic 3.5 native
Netuma thalassina Giant catfish Ariidae demersal 3.5 introduced
Nezumia aequalis Common Atlantic grenadier Macrouridae benthopelagic 3.3 native
Nezumia sclerorhynchus Roughtip grenadier Macrouridae bathypelagic 3.2 native
Notacanthus bonaparte Shortfin spiny eel Notacanthidae bathypelagic 3.9 native
Notoscopelus bolini Myctophidae pelagic-oceanic 3.1 native
Notoscopelus elongatus Myctophidae pelagic-oceanic 3.4 endemic
Notoscopelus kroyeri Lancet fish Myctophidae pelagic-oceanic 3.2 native
Oblada melanura Saddled seabream Sparidae benthopelagic 3.4 native
Odondebuenia balearica Coralline goby Gobiidae demersal 3.1 endemic
Odontaspis ferox Smalltooth sand tiger Odontaspididae benthopelagic 4.2 native
Oedalechilus labeo Boxlip mullet Mugilidae demersal 2.5 native
Omobranchus punctatus Muzzled blenny Blenniidae benthopelagic 2.5 introduced
Opeatogenys gracilis Gobiesocidae demersal 3.1 endemic
Ophichthus ophis Spotted snake eel Ophichthidae demersal 4.5 native
Ophichthus rufus Rufus snake-eel Ophichthidae demersal 4.3 endemic
Ophidion barbatum Snake blenny Ophidiidae demersal 3.6 native
Ophidion rochei Ophidiidae demersal 3.6 native
Ophisurus serpens Serpent eel Ophichthidae demersal 4.1 native
Oplegnathus fasciatus Barred knifejaw Oplegnathidae reef-associated 3.5 introduced
Orcynopsis unicolor Plain bonito Scombridae pelagic-neritic 4.5 native
Ostorhinchus fasciatus Broadbanded cardinalfish Apogonidae reef-associated 3.6 introduced
Ostracion cubicus Yellow boxfish Ostraciidae reef-associated 3.4 introduced
Oxynotus centrina Angular roughshark Oxynotidae bathydemersal 3.1 native
Oxyurichthys papuensis Frogface goby Gobiidae reef-associated 3.5 introduced
Oxyurichthys petersii Gobiidae reef-associated 3.7 introduced
Pagellus acarne Axillary seabream Sparidae benthopelagic 3.5 native
Pagellus bellottii Red pandora Sparidae demersal 3.6 native
Pagellus bogaraveo Blackspot seabream Sparidae benthopelagic 4.2 native
Pagellus erythrinus Common pandora Sparidae benthopelagic 3.5 native
Pagrus auriga Redbanded seabream Sparidae benthopelagic 3.8 native
Pagrus caeruleostictus Bluespotted seabream Sparidae benthopelagic 3.7 native
Pagrus major Red seabream Sparidae demersal 3.7 introduced
Pagrus pagrus Red porgy Sparidae benthopelagic 3.9 native
Pampus argenteus Silver pomfret Stromateidae benthopelagic 3.3 native
Panturichthys fowleri Heterenchelyidae demersal 3.9 endemic
Papilloculiceps longiceps Tentacled flathead Platycephalidae reef-associated 4.0 introduced
Parablennius gattorugine Tompot blenny Blenniidae demersal 2.7 native
Parablennius incognitus Blenniidae demersal 2.7 native
Parablennius pilicornis Ringneck blenny Blenniidae demersal 3.2 native
Parablennius rouxi Blenniidae demersal 2.9 native
Parablennius sanguinolentus Rusty blenny Blenniidae demersal 2.8 native
Parablennius tentacularis Tentacled blenny Blenniidae demersal 3.3 native
Parablennius thysanius Tasseled blenny Blenniidae demersal 2.9 introduced
Parablennius zvonimiri Blenniidae demersal 2.9 native
Paralepis coregonoides Sharpchin barracudina Paralepididae bathypelagic 4.1 native
Paralepis speciosa Paralepididae bathypelagic 3.2 endemic
Paraliparis murieli Liparidae bathydemersal 3.5 endemic
Parapristipoma humile Guinean grunt Haemulidae demersal 3.5 misidentification
Parapristipoma octolineatum African striped grunt Haemulidae demersal 3.5 native
Parexocoetus mento African sailfin flyingfish Exocoetidae pelagic-neritic 3.3 introduced
Parophidion vassali Ophidiidae demersal 3.5 endemic
Parupeneus forsskali Red Sea goatfish Mullidae reef-associated 3.5 questionable
Pegusa impar Adriatic sole Soleidae demersal 3.3 native
Pegusa lascaris Sand sole Soleidae demersal 3.3 native
Pegusa nasuta Blackhand sole Soleidae demersal 3.3 native
Pelates quadrilineatus Fourlined terapon Terapontidae reef-associated 3.6 introduced
Pempheris mangula Black-edged sweeper Pempheridae demersal 3.4 introduced
Pempheris rhomboidea Pempheridae pelagic-neritic 3.4 native
Peristedion cataphractum African armoured searobin Peristediidae demersal 3.5 native
Petromyzon marinus Sea lamprey Petromyzontidae demersal 4.4 native
Petroscirtes ancylodon Arabian fangblenny Blenniidae demersal 2.1 introduced
Phycis blennoides Greater forkbeard Phycidae benthopelagic 3.7 native
Phycis phycis Forkbeard Phycidae benthopelagic 4.3 native
Physiculus dalwigki Black codling Moridae benthopelagic 3.4 native
Planiliza haematocheila So-iuy mullet Mugilidae pelagic-neritic 2.5 introduced
Platax teira Longfin batfish Ephippidae reef-associated 4.0 introduced
Platichthys flesus European flounder Pleuronectidae demersal 3.3 native
Platycephalus indicus Bartail flathead Platycephalidae reef-associated 3.6 introduced
Plectorhinchus mediterraneus Rubberlip grunt Haemulidae demersal 3.5 native
Pleuronectes platessa European plaice Pleuronectidae demersal 3.2 misidentification
Plotosus lineatus Striped eel catfish Plotosidae reef-associated 3.6 introduced
Polyacanthonotus rissoanus Smallmouth spiny eel Notacanthidae bathydemersal 3.5 native
Polyprion americanus Wreckfish Polyprionidae demersal 4.1 native
Pomacanthus imperator Emperor angelfish Pomacanthidae reef-associated 2.7 introduced
Pomacanthus maculosus Yellowbar angelfish Pomacanthidae reef-associated 2.7 introduced
Pomadasys incisus Bastard grunt Haemulidae demersal 3.8 native
Pomadasys stridens Striped piggy Haemulidae reef-associated 4.0 introduced
Pomatomus saltatrix Bluefish Pomatomidae pelagic-oceanic 4.5 native
Pomatoschistus bathi Gobiidae demersal 3.3 endemic
Pomatoschistus knerii Kner's goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 endemic
Pomatoschistus marmoratus Marbled goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 native
Pomatoschistus microps Common goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 native
Pomatoschistus minutus Sand goby Gobiidae demersal 3.4 native
Pomatoschistus norvegicus Norway goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 questionable
Pomatoschistus pictus Painted goby Gobiidae demersal 3.1 native
Pomatoschistus quagga Quagga goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 endemic
Pomatoschistus tortonesei Tortonese's goby Gobiidae demersal 3.4 endemic
Pontinus kuhlii Offshore rockfish Scorpaenidae bathydemersal 4.1 native
Priacanthus hamrur Moontail bullseye Priacanthidae reef-associated 3.6 questionable
Priacanthus sagittarius Arrow bulleye Priacanthidae demersal 4.2 introduced
Prionace glauca Blue shark Carcharhinidae pelagic-oceanic 4.3 native
Pristis pectinata Smalltooth sawfish Pristidae demersal 4.5 native
Pristis pristis Common sawfish Pristidae demersal 4.0 native
Psenes pellucidus Bluefin driftfish Nomeidae bathypelagic 3.8 introduced
Pseudaphya ferreri Ferrer's goby Gobiidae benthopelagic 3.1 endemic
Pseudocaranx dentex White trevally Carangidae reef-associated 3.9 native
Pseudupeneus prayensis West African goatfish Mullidae demersal 3.2 native
Pteragogus pelycus Sideburn wrasse Labridae demersal 3.5 misidentification
Pteragogus trispilus Labridae reef-associated 3.4 introduced
Pterois miles Devil firefish Scorpaenidae reef-associated 3.7 introduced
Pteroplatytrygon violacea Pelagic stingray Dasyatidae pelagic-oceanic 4.4 native
Rachycentron canadum Cobia Rachycentridae reef-associated 3.8 introduced
Raja africana African ray Rajidae demersal 4.0 native
Raja asterias Mediterranean starry ray Rajidae demersal 3.5 native
Raja brachyura Blonde ray Rajidae demersal 3.8 native
Raja clavata Thornback ray Rajidae demersal 3.8 native
Raja miraletus Brown ray Rajidae demersal 3.7 native
Raja montagui Spotted ray Rajidae demersal 3.9 native
Raja polystigma Speckled ray Rajidae demersal 4.0 endemic
Raja radula Rough ray Rajidae demersal 3.7 native
Raja rondeleti Rondelet's ray Rajidae demersal 3.5 endemic
Raja undulata Undulate ray Rajidae demersal 3.5 native
Ranzania laevis Slender sunfish Molidae pelagic-oceanic 3.7 native
Rastrelliger kanagurta Indian mackerel Scombridae pelagic-neritic 3.2 introduced
Regalecus glesne King of herrings Regalecidae pelagic-oceanic 3.2 native
Remora australis Whalesucker Echeneidae pelagic-oceanic 3.5 misidentification
Remora brachyptera Spearfish remora Echeneidae pelagic-oceanic 3.5 native
Remora osteochir Marlin sucker Echeneidae pelagic-oceanic 3.5 native
Remora remora Shark sucker Echeneidae reef-associated 3.5 native
Rhabdosargus haffara Haffara seabream Sparidae reef-associated 3.5 introduced
Rhinobatos rhinobatos Common guitarfish Rhinobatidae demersal 4.1 native
Rhinoptera marginata Lusitanian cownose ray Myliobatidae benthopelagic 3.8 native
Rhynchoconger trewavasae Congridae bathydemersal 3.9 introduced
Rhynchogadus hepaticus Moridae bathypelagic 3.3 native
Rostroraja alba White skate Rajidae demersal 4.4 native
Ruvettus pretiosus Oilfish Gempylidae benthopelagic 4.2 native
Salaria basilisca Blenniidae demersal 2.0 endemic
Salaria pavo Peacock blenny Blenniidae demersal 2.0 native
Salmo salar Atlantic salmon Salmonidae benthopelagic 4.5 native
Salmo trutta Sea trout Salmonidae pelagic-neritic 3.4 native
Sarda sarda Atlantic bonito Scombridae pelagic-neritic 4.2 native
Sardina pilchardus European pilchard Clupeidae pelagic-neritic 3.1 native
Sardinella aurita Round sardinella Clupeidae reef-associated 3.4 native
Sardinella maderensis Madeiran sardinella Clupeidae pelagic-neritic 3.2 native
Sargocentron praslin Dark-striped squirrelfish Holocentridae reef-associated 3.7 introduced
Sargocentron rubrum Redcoat Holocentridae reef-associated 3.6 introduced
Sarpa salpa Salema Sparidae benthopelagic 2.0 native
Saurenchelys cancrivora Slender sorcerer Nettastomatidae demersal 3.4 native
Saurida lessepsianus Synodontidae benthopelagic 4.2 native
Saurida undosquamis Brushtooth lizardfish Synodontidae reef-associated 4.5 questionable
Scartella cristata Molly miller Blenniidae reef-associated 2.5 native
Scarus ghobban Blue-barred parrotfish Scaridae reef-associated 2.0 introduced
Scatophagus argus Spotted scat Scatophagidae reef-associated 3.0 introduced
Schedophilus medusophagus Cornish blackfish Centrolophidae pelagic-oceanic 4.0 native
Schedophilus ovalis Imperial blackfish Centrolophidae benthopelagic 3.5 native
Sciaena umbra Brown meagre Sciaenidae demersal 3.8 native
Sciaenops ocellatus Red drum Sciaenidae demersal 3.7 introduced
Scomber colias Atlantic chub mackerel Scombridae pelagic-neritic 3.9 native
Scomber japonicus Chub mackerel Scombridae pelagic-neritic 3.4 misidentification
Scomber scombrus Atlantic mackerel Scombridae pelagic-neritic 3.6 native
Scomberesox saurus Atlantic saury Scomberesocidae pelagic-oceanic 3.8 native
Scomberomorus commerson Narrow-barred Spanish mackerel Scombridae pelagic-neritic 4.5 introduced
Scomberomorus tritor West African Spanish mackerel Scombridae pelagic-neritic 4.3 native
Scophthalmus maeoticus Black Sea brill Scophthalmidae demersal 4.0 native
Scophthalmus maximus Turbot Scophthalmidae demersal 4.4 native
Scophthalmus rhombus Brill Scophthalmidae demersal 4.4 native
Scorpaena azorica Scorpaenidae demersal 3.5 questionable
Scorpaena elongata Slender rockfish Scorpaenidae demersal 3.9 native
Scorpaena loppei Cadenat's rockfish Scorpaenidae demersal 3.5 native
Scorpaena maderensis Madeira rockfish Scorpaenidae demersal 4.1 native
Scorpaena notata Small red scorpionfish Scorpaenidae demersal 3.7 native
Scorpaena porcus Black scorpionfish Scorpaenidae demersal 3.9 native
Scorpaena scrofa Red scorpionfish Scorpaenidae demersal 4.3 native
Scorpaena stephanica Spotted-fin rockfish Scorpaenidae demersal 4.0 native
Scorpaenodes arenai Messina rockfish Scorpaenidae demersal 3.5 native
Scyliorhinus canicula Lesser spotted dogfish Scyliorhinidae demersal 3.8 native
Scyliorhinus stellaris Nursehound Scyliorhinidae reef-associated 4.0 native
Sebastapistes mauritiana Spineblotch scorpionfish Scorpaenidae reef-associated 3.8 questionable
Seriola carpenteri Guinean amberjack Carangidae benthopelagic 4.5 introduced
Seriola dumerili Greater amberjack Carangidae reef-associated 4.7 native
Seriola fasciata Lesser amberjack Carangidae benthopelagic 4.5 introduced
Serranus atricauda Blacktail comber Serranidae demersal 4.3 native
Serranus cabrilla Comber Serranidae demersal 3.3 native
Serranus hepatus Brown comber Serranidae demersal 3.5 native
Serranus scriba Painted comber Serranidae demersal 3.8 native
Serrivomer lanceolatoides Short-tooth sawpalate Serrivomeridae bathypelagic 3.5 native
Siganus luridus Dusky spinefoot Siganidae reef-associated 2.0 introduced
Siganus rivulatus Marbled spinefoot Siganidae reef-associated 2.0 introduced
Silhouettea aegyptia Red Sea goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 introduced
Sillago suezensis Sillaginidae reef-associated 3.0 introduced
Solea aegyptiaca Egyptian sole Soleidae demersal 3.2 native
Solea senegalensis Senegalese sole Soleidae demersal 3.3 native
Solea solea Common sole Soleidae demersal 3.2 native
Somniosus rostratus Little sleeper shark Somniosidae bathydemersal 4.2 native
Sorsogona prionota Halfspined flathead Platycephalidae demersal 3.7 introduced
Sparisoma cretense Parrotfish Scaridae reef-associated 2.9 native
Sparus aurata Gilthead seabream Sparidae demersal 3.7 native
Speleogobius trigloides Grotto goby Gobiidae demersal 3.0 endemic
Sphoeroides marmoratus Guinean puffer Tetraodontidae demersal 3.4 introduced
Sphoeroides pachygaster Blunthead puffer Tetraodontidae benthopelagic 4.2 introduced
Sphyraena chrysotaenia Yellowstripe barracuda Sphyraenidae pelagic-neritic 4.0 introduced
Sphyraena flavicauda Yellowtail barracuda Sphyraenidae reef-associated 3.8 introduced
Sphyraena obtusata Obtuse barracuda Sphyraenidae reef-associated 4.5 introduced
Sphyraena pinguis Red barracuda Sphyraenidae pelagic-neritic 4.4 introduced
Sphyraena sphyraena European barracuda Sphyraenidae pelagic-neritic 4.0 native
Sphyraena viridensis Yellowmouth barracuda Sphyraenidae pelagic-neritic 4.3 native
Sphyrna lewini Scalloped hammerhead Sphyrnidae pelagic-oceanic 4.1 native
Sphyrna mokarran Great hammerhead Sphyrnidae pelagic-oceanic 4.3 native
Sphyrna tudes Smalleye hammerhead Sphyrnidae benthopelagic 3.6 native
Sphyrna zygaena Smooth hammerhead Sphyrnidae pelagic-oceanic 4.9 native
Spicara maena Blotched picarel Sparidae pelagic-neritic 4.2 native
Spicara smaris Picarel Sparidae pelagic-neritic 3.0 native
Spondyliosoma cantharus Black seabream Sparidae benthopelagic 3.3 native
Spratelloides delicatulus Delicate round herring Clupeidae reef-associated 3.1 introduced
Sprattus sprattus European sprat Clupeidae pelagic-neritic 3.0 native
Squalus acanthias Picked dogfish Squalidae benthopelagic 4.4 native
Squalus blainville Longnose spurdog Squalidae demersal 4.0 native
Squalus megalops Shortnose spurdog Squalidae demersal 4.3 native
Squatina aculeata Sawback angelshark Squatinidae demersal 4.0 native
Squatina oculata Smoothback angelshark Squatinidae demersal 4.0 native
Squatina squatina Angelshark Squatinidae demersal 4.1 native
Stephanolepis diaspros Reticulated leatherjacket Monacanthidae demersal 2.8 introduced
Stolephorus insularis Hardenberg's anchovy Engraulidae reef-associated 3.2 introduced
Stomias boa boa Boa dragonfish Stomiidae bathypelagic 4.0 native
Stromateus fiatola Blue butterfish Stromateidae benthopelagic 4.0 native
Sudis hyalina Paralepididae bathypelagic 4.2 native
Symbolophorus veranyi Large-scale lantern fish Myctophidae bathypelagic 3.3 native
Symphodus bailloni Baillon's wrasse Labridae reef-associated 3.5 native
Symphodus cinereus Grey wrasse Labridae demersal 3.5 native
Symphodus doderleini Labridae demersal 3.4 endemic
Symphodus mediterraneus Axillary wrasse Labridae demersal 3.2 native
Symphodus melops Corkwing wrasse Labridae reef-associated 3.4 native
Symphodus ocellatus Labridae reef-associated 3.4 native
Symphodus roissali Five-spotted wrasse Labridae reef-associated 3.5 native
Symphodus rostratus Labridae reef-associated 3.4 native
Symphodus tinca East Atlantic peacock wrasse Labridae reef-associated 3.3 native
Symphodus trutta Emerald wrasse Labridae reef-associated 3.5 native
Symphurus ligulatus Elongate tonguesole Cynoglossidae demersal 3.5 native
Symphurus nigrescens Tonguesole Cynoglossidae demersal 3.3 native
Synagrops japonicus Blackmouth splitfin Acropomatidae benthopelagic 4.3 native
Synapturichthys kleinii Klein's sole Soleidae demersal 3.6 native
Synchiropus phaeton Phaeton dragonet Callionymidae demersal 3.4 native
Syngnathus abaster Black-striped pipefish Syngnathidae demersal 3.2 native
Syngnathus acus Greater pipefish Syngnathidae demersal 3.3 native
Syngnathus phlegon Syngnathidae pelagic-neritic 3.5 native
Syngnathus rostellatus Nilsson's pipefish Syngnathidae demersal 3.7 introduced
Syngnathus taenionotus Syngnathidae demersal 3.4 endemic
Syngnathus tenuirostris Narrow-snouted pipefish Syngnathidae demersal 3.3 native
Syngnathus typhle Broadnosed pipefish Syngnathidae demersal 4.3 native
Synodus saurus Atlantic lizardfish Synodontidae demersal 4.5 native
Taeniura grabata Round stingray Dasyatidae demersal 4.0 native
Taurulus bubalis Longspined bullhead Cottidae demersal 3.6 native
Terapon jarbua Jarbua terapon Terapontidae demersal 3.9 introduced
Terapon puta Small-scaled terapon Terapontidae benthopelagic 3.1 introduced
Terapon theraps Largescaled terapon Terapontidae reef-associated 3.5 introduced
Tetragonurus cuvieri Smalleye squaretail Tetragonuridae bathypelagic 3.8 native
Tetrapturus belone Mediterranean spearfish Istiophoridae pelagic-oceanic 4.5 endemic
Tetrapturus georgii Roundscale spearfish Istiophoridae pelagic-oceanic 4.4 native
Tetronarce nobiliana Electric ray Torpedinidae benthopelagic 4.5 native
Thalassoma pavo Ornate wrasse Labridae reef-associated 3.5 native
Thorogobius ephippiatus Leopard-spotted goby Gobiidae demersal 3.0 native
Thorogobius macrolepis Large-scaled goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 endemic
Thunnus alalunga Albacore Scombridae pelagic-oceanic 4.3 native
Thunnus albacares Yellowfin tuna Scombridae pelagic-oceanic 4.4 misidentification
Thunnus thynnus Atlantic bluefin tuna Scombridae pelagic-oceanic 4.4 native
Thymallus thymallus Grayling Salmonidae benthopelagic 3.1 native
Torpedo alexandrinsis Alexandrine torpedo Torpedinidae demersal 4.4 questionable
Torpedo marmorata Marbled electric ray Torpedinidae reef-associated 4.6 native
Torpedo sinuspersici Variable torpedo ray Torpedinidae reef-associated 4.5 questionable
Torpedo torpedo Common torpedo Torpedinidae demersal 4.3 native
Torquigener flavimaculosus Yellowspotted puffer Tetraodontidae reef-associated 3.3 introduced
Trachinotus ovatus Pompano Carangidae pelagic-neritic 3.7 native
Trachinus araneus Spotted weever Trachinidae demersal 4.0 native
Trachinus draco Greater weever Trachinidae demersal 4.2 native
Trachinus radiatus Starry weever Trachinidae demersal 4.0 native
Trachipterus arcticus Dealfish Trachipteridae bathypelagic 4.5 native
Trachipterus trachypterus Mediterranean dealfish Trachipteridae bathypelagic 2.9 native
Trachurus mediterraneus Mediterranean horse mackerel Carangidae pelagic-oceanic 3.8 native
Trachurus picturatus Blue jack mackerel Carangidae benthopelagic 3.3 native
Trachurus trachurus Atlantic horse mackerel Carangidae pelagic-neritic 3.7 native
Trachyrincus scabrus Roughsnout grenadier Macrouridae bathydemersal 3.6 native
Trachyscorpia cristulata echinata Spiny scorpionfish Sebastidae bathydemersal 4.2 introduced
Trichiurus lepturus Largehead hairtail Trichiuridae benthopelagic 4.4 native
Tridentiger trigonocephalus Chameleon goby Gobiidae demersal 3.3 introduced
Trigla lyra Piper gurnard Triglidae bathydemersal 3.9 native
Tripterygion delaisi Black-faced blenny Tripterygiidae demersal 3.4 native
Tripterygion melanurum Tripterygiidae demersal 3.5 endemic
Tripterygion tripteronotum Tripterygiidae demersal 3.4 native
Trisopterus capelanus Gadidae benthopelagic 3.7 endemic
Trisopterus luscus Pouting Gadidae benthopelagic 3.7 native
Trisopterus minutus Poor cod Gadidae benthopelagic 3.7 misidentification
Trypauchen vagina Gobiidae demersal 3.5 introduced
Tylerius spinosissimus Spiny blaasop Tetraodontidae bathydemersal 3.3 introduced
Tylosurus acus acus Agujon needlefish Belonidae reef-associated 4.5 native
Tylosurus acus imperialis Belonidae pelagic-oceanic 4.5 native
Tylosurus choram Red Sea houndfish Belonidae pelagic-oceanic 4.4 introduced
Umbrina canariensis Canary drum Sciaenidae demersal 3.4 native
Umbrina cirrosa Shi drum Sciaenidae demersal 3.4 native
Umbrina ronchus Fusca drum Sciaenidae demersal 3.4 native
Upeneus asymmetricus Asymmetrical goatfish Mullidae demersal 3.5 introduced
Upeneus moluccensis Goldband goatfish Mullidae reef-associated 3.6 introduced
Upeneus pori Por's goatfish Mullidae demersal 3.5 introduced
Uranoscopus scaber Stargazer Uranoscopidae demersal 4.4 native
Urogymnus asperrimus Porcupine whipray Dasyatidae reef-associated 3.5 questionable
Valenciennellus tripunctulatus Constellationfish Sternoptychidae bathypelagic 3.1 native
Vanderhorstia mertensi Mertens' prawn-goby Gobiidae reef-associated 3.4 introduced
Vanneaugobius dollfusi Gobiidae demersal 3.2 native
Vanneaugobius pruvoti Gobiidae demersal 3.1 native
Vinciguerria attenuata Slender lightfish Phosichthyidae bathypelagic 3.0 native
Vinciguerria poweriae Power's deep-water bristle-mouth fish Phosichthyidae bathypelagic 3.1 native
Xiphias gladius Swordfish Xiphiidae pelagic-oceanic 4.5 native
Xyrichtys novacula Pearly razorfish Labridae reef-associated 3.5 native
Zebrus zebrus Gobiidae demersal 3.2 native
Zenopsis conchifer Silvery John dory Zeidae benthopelagic 4.4 introduced
Zeugopterus punctatus Topknot Scophthalmidae demersal 4.0 native
Zeugopterus regius Eckström's topknot Scophthalmidae demersal 3.8 native
Zeus faber John dory Zeidae benthopelagic 4.5 native
Zosterisessor ophiocephalus Grass goby Gobiidae demersal 3.2 native
Zu cristatus Scalloped ribbonfish Trachipteridae bathypelagic 4.5 native
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