Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Pimelodidae
Etymology: Pimelodus: Greek, pimele = fat + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); microstoma: Named for Heraldo A. Britsky (Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo). More on author: Steindachner.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Amazon River basin (Ref. 36506) and upper rio Paraná (Ref. 87365).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 33.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 114987); max. published weight: 435.00 g (Ref. 114987)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 11 - 13;
Vertebrae: 43. Distinguished by the following combination of characters: small dots irregularly placed (forming 8-9 rows) and most developed in the anterior two thirds of body; the mouth with thick striated lips; an enlarged posterior branch of the dorsal premaxillary process synchondrally articulated with the lateroanterior margin of mesethmoid; a right-angled posterolateral margin of mesethmoid; the exposed centra of the 7th vertebrae; and a large pharyngobranchial 3 with a well developed dorsal crest. Differs from P. fur in possessing more gill rakers on the first arch (19-22 vs. 16-18) and a wider mouth (32.0-35.1% HL vs. 24.6--30); and from P. absconditus in having a larger interorbital distance (22.2-29.2% HL vs. 18.6-22.7), a relatively smaller ratio between orbital diameter and interorbital width (70.8-115.0 vs. 104.1-148.9); a shallower body (19.0-24.5% SL vs. 21.6-26.9), a shorter head (25.8-28.9% SL vs. 27.5-30.8), a smaller predorsal length (36.2-39.9% SL vs. 38.7-42.9) and a smaller prepelvic length (47.4-51.0% SL vs. 49.3-53.1). Vomerine tooth plates occasionally develop in P. heroldi while they are always present in P. absconditus and absent in P. fur (Ref. 41259).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lundberg, J.G. and M.W. Littmann, 2003. Pimelodidae (Long-whiskered catfishes). p. 432-446. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36506)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00379 - 0.00959), b=3.12 (2.98 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .