Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Mulliformes
(Goatfishes) > Mullidae
Etymology: Upeneus: Greek, ypene, -es = upper lip (Ref. 45335); randalli: The name of this species randalli is in honour of the esteemed ichthyologist John E. "Jack" Randall who collected six of the seven paratypes, transferred the holotype to the Bishop Museum collection and took a photograph of the fresh holotype used for the colour description (Ref. 88844).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal. Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 88844)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 9. Dorsal fins VIII+9; pectoral-fin rays 14; gill rakers 6-7+17-19=23-25; lateral-line scales 28-30; measurements in % SL: body depth at first dorsal-fin origin 23-24; body depth at anus 19-22; caudal-peduncle depth 9.9-11; caudal-peduncle width 2.9-3.8; maximum head depth 19-21; head depth through eye 15-16; head length 27-30; orbit length 6.2-7.4; upper jaw length 10-11; barbel length 16-20; caudal-fin length 27-30; anal-fin base 9.4-11; anal-fin height 15-19; pelvic-fin length 20-22; pectoral-fin length 20-22; pectoral-fin width 3.8-4.4; first dorsal-fin height 19-22; second dorsal-fin height 16-20; total bars on caudal fin 11-13, with 5 red bars on upper caudal-fin lobe, 4 on lobe itself and one at lobe base; 6-8 red bars on lower caudal-fin lobe; caudal-fin bars not retained on preserved fish, apart from some traces of bars mostly on lower lobe and dark pigmentation at lower lobe tip; 3 horizontal series of black dots mid-laterally, 3-4 dots below posterior part of first dorsal-fin base, 2 below second dorsal-fin base, dots not retained in preserved material; first dorsal fin pale with some reddish pigment anteriorly and dorsally; second dorsal fin, pelvic and anal fins with reddish stripes; fin colour not retained in preserved fish; barbels white; body and head reddish marbled; ventral side of head and belly white; body uniformly pale brown in preserved fish, sometimes darker dorsally, with vague brown band mid-laterally (Ref. 88844).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Uiblein, F. and P.C. Heemstra, 2011. Description of a new goatfish species, Upeneus randalli (Mullidae), from the Persian Gulf, with remarks and identification keys for the genus Upeneus. Scientia Marina 75(3):585-594. (Ref. 88844)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00451 - 0.02020), b=3.10 (2.93 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).