Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathinae
Etymology: Trachyrhamphus: Greek, trachys, -eia, -ys = rough + Greek, rhamphos = bill (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 42 m (Ref. 1602), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 32°N - 23°S
Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa (Ref. 4281) to New Caledonia, north to southern Japan; Mariana Islands in Micronesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635)
Inhabits subtidal lagoon and seaward reefs, usually among algae or seagrasses (Ref. 9710). Most are seen on sand and mud areas, prone to currents; usually soft bottom to about 25 m (Ref. 48635). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25 - 29.1, mean 28.2 °C (based on 1160 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00037 (0.00016 - 0.00086), b=3.18 (2.99 - 3.37), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 73.9 [43.1, 128.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.608 [0.377, 0.965] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.7, 20.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.117 [0.073, 0.200] g/100g ; Selenium = 44.5 [24.3, 84.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 54.2 [20.6, 135.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.2 [0.9, 1.7] mg/100g (wet weight);