Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
South America: Araguaia, Tocantins, Xingu and Capim rivers, tributaries of the lower Amazon of Brazil, northwards to the Suriname coastal rivers and the Essequibo River in Guyana.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37098)
soft rays: 9 - 10;
Vertebrae: 35 - 36. Differs from other species by having a wide elliptical cranial fontanel; short postcleithral process not reaching vertical through origin of dorsal fin; body coloration variable, usually with
elliptical spots along sides of body, large specimens with faint spots; or color pattern uniformly pale brown; and caudal fin with small spots or pale brown. The only other Tatia with a
variable coloration is Tatia galaxias, but this species differs from Tatia galaxias by its short postcleithral process ; its small eye, 21.4-26.3% HL and its long snout 38.8-44.3% HL. Can be further diagnosed by the following characters: nasal ossified with wide medial flanges partially sutured to lateral margin of mesethmoid and caudal-fin lobes of mature females with same length, but mature males with elongated upper lobe are other distinguishing features (Ref. 79512).
Inhabits rivers (Ref. 27188). Reaches sexual maturity above 5.04 cm SL (Ref. 79512).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sarmento-Soares, L.M. and R.F. Martins-Pinheiro, 2008. A systematic revision of Tatia (Siluriformes: Auchenipteridae: Centromochlinae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 6(3):495-542. (Ref. 79512)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00197 - 0.01219), b=3.10 (2.89 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .