Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes
(Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Squalidae
Etymology: Squalus: Genus name from Latin 'squalus' meaning shark (Ref. 6885, 27436); crassispinus: Name from Latin 'crassus' meaning fat or stout and 'spinus' for thorn, referring to the unusually stout dorsal-fin spines (Ref. 58437). More on authors: Last, Edmunds & Yearsley.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range 187 - 262 m (Ref. 58437). Subtropical
Eastern Indian Ocean: northwestern Australia; probably occurs more widely in the eastern Indian Ocean.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 47.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 58437); 58.0 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This small species of the 'megalops-cubensis group' is distinguished by the following characters: head width at mouth 9.9-11.3% TL; mouth width 2.1-2.4 times the horizontal prenarial length; direct pre-second dorsal length 3.7-4.2 times the pectoral-fin anterior margin, 2.6-2.8 times the dorsal caudal margin; preoral length 2.7-3.0 times the horizontal prenarial length, 8.3-9.2% TL; anterior nasal flap strongly bifurcate; first dorsal fin upright to raked; the exposed bases of dorsal-fin spines are very broad, 1.2-1.5% TL; both dorsal fins have short inner margins, first dorsal-fin height 1.3-1.7 times its inner margin length, second dorsal-fin height 1.1-1.3 times its inner margin length; pectoral-fin anterior margin 1.9-2.2 times its inner margin length; preventral caudal margin 2.4-4.6 times inner margin of pelvic fin; caudal fin pale with poorly demarcated, whitish posterior margin, caudal bar absent; flank denticles unicuspid; monospondylous centra 39-42 (mainly 40-41), precaudal centra 82-86, total centra 107-111 (mainly 109-110) (Ref. 58437).
Found at the lower continental shelf and upper continental slope (Ref. 58437).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Last, P.R., M. Edmunds and G.K. Yearsley, 2007. Squalus crassispinus sp. nov., a new spurdog of the 'megalops-cubensis' group' from the eastern Indian Ocean. p. 11-22. In P.R. Last, W.T. White and J.J. Pogonoski Descriptions of new dogfishes of the genus Squalus (Squaloidea:Squalidae). CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 014. 130 p. (Ref. 58437)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 14 - 17.7, mean 16.5 (based on 9 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00339 (0.00158 - 0.00727), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (62 of 100) .