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Rhinobatos whitei Last, Corrigan & Naylor, 2014

Philippine guitarfish
ارفع صور و مقاطع فيديو
صور قوقل
Image of Rhinobatos whitei (Philippine guitarfish)
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical species in Rhinobatidae.

التصنيف / Names الأسماء الشائعة | مرادفات | Catalog of Fishes(جنس, الانواع) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

أشلاق (القروش و الشفانين) (sharks and rays) > Rhinopristiformes (Shovelnose rays) > Rhinobatidae (Guitarfishes)
Etymology: Rhinobatos: Greek, rhinos = nose + Greek, batis, -idos = a ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335);  whitei: Named for Dr. William White for his contributions to the taxonomic and biological knowledge of sharks and rays of the Western Central Pacific..

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range البيئة

بحري. Tropical; 13°N - 8°N, 120°E - 125°E (Ref. 114953)

التوزيع دول | مناطق الفاو | النظام البيئي | الظهور | Point map | مقدمة | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Philippines.

الحجم / وزن / العمر

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 72.0 cm TL ذكر/ مختلط الجنس; (Ref. 97528); 84.4 cm TL (female)

وصف مختصر مفاتيح التعريف | الوصف الخارجي | قياسات المظهر الخارجي

This species is distinguished by the following set of adult characters: wedge-shaped disc with moderately concave anterior snout margin, width 31-35% TL, disc length 1.3-1.4 times width; snout length 3.0-3.4 times interspiracular distance, 3.9-5.2 times interorbital width; orbit medium-sized, 1.4-1.7 times spiracle length; notrils weakly oblique, length 1.3-1.6 times internarial distance; preoral length 6.8-7.8 times internarial distance; anterior nasal flaps which are penetrating slightly into internarial space but well separated at their insertion; posterior nasal flaps broad; spiracles large with two folds, outermost fold distinctly longer than inner fold; ridges of rostral cartilage almost parallel, converging slightly anteriorly but not constricted medially; anterior cartilage is subtriangular; distance between fifth gill slits 3.0-3.4 times in ventral head length; prebranchial sensory pore patch distinct, extending to just behind first gill slit; distinct postscapular sensory canal, with exposed lateral pores, grooved; thorn patches on supraorbit, nuchal and scapular regions, and dorsal midline rudimentary, non-conspicuous; in males, pelvic-fin inner margin longer than its base and in females subequal; interdorsal distance 2.6-3.2 times length of first dorsal-fin base; dorsal caudal margin 2.1-2.6 times preventral margin; upper jaw with ca. 65-92 tooth rows; post-synarcual centra, 173-179; nasal lamellae, 50-53; in adults dorsal surface brownish, covered with diffuse orange and dusky blotches, and indistinct pale spots; melanophores pronounced on dorsal surface, and dorsal fins largely pale anteriorly, darker posteriorly with a blackish blotch above the free rear tip when fresh (Ref. 97528).

أحياء     المصطلحات (على سبيل المثال epibenthic)

Males mature at ca. 56 cm TL, females slightly larger. Unknown life history (Ref. 114953).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturities | التكاثر | Spawnings | Egg(s) | Fecundities | Larvae

المرجع الرئيسي Upload your references | مراجع | المنظم : McEachran, John | المتعاونين

Last, P.R., S. Corrigan and G. Naylor, 2014. Rhinobatos whitei, a new shovelnose ray (Batoidea: Rhinobatidae) from the Philippine Archipelago. Zootaxa 3872(1):31-47. (Ref. 97528)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435)

  معرضه للخطر بشكل حرج (CR) (A2d); Date assessed: 12 May 2020


CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

خطر للأنسان


استخدامات بشرية

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

مزيد من المعلومات

Trophic ecology
عناصر الغذاء
Diet compositions
Food consumptions
Food rations
Population dynamics
Max. ages / sizes
Length-weight rel.
Length-length rel.
الطول- الترددات
Mass conversions
Life cycle
Spawning aggregations
Egg developments
حركة انتقال اليرقات
مناطق الفاو
النظام البيئي
BRUVS - Videos
Gill areas
عظمة الأذن
Body compositions
Oxygen consumptions
نوع السباحة
Swimming speeds
Visual pigment(s)
أصوات الأسماك
Diseases / Parasites
Toxicities (LC50s)
Human related
Aquaculture systems
ملامح تربية الأحياء المائية
Ciguatera cases
Stamps, coins, misc.
الأسماء الشائعة
الوصف الخارجي
قياسات المظهر الخارجي


تقارير خاصة

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مصادر علي الأنترنت

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | البحث في مراقبي الأسماك | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: جنس, الانواع | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: الوراثة, نيوكلوتيدة | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | شجرة الحياة | Wikipedia: ذهب, بحث | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | سجلات علم الحيوانات

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00295 (0.00151 - 0.00578), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
مستوى غذائي (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
المرونه (Ref. 120179):  منخفض, الحد الزمني الأدني لتضاعف عدد أفراد المجتمع 4.5-14 سنة (Preliminary low fecundity).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100).