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Salmo coruhensis Turan, Kottelat & Engin, 2010

Coruh trout
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Image of Salmo coruhensis (Coruh trout)
Salmo coruhensis
Picture by Kaya, C.

رده بندی / Names اسامي عام | مترادف | Catalog of Fishes(جنس, گونه ها) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335);  coruhensis: Name derived from the Çoruh River; an adjective..
More on authors: Turan, Kottelat & Engin.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range بوم شناسي

; آب شيرين موجوداتی که در محدوده وسیعی از آبهای آزاد از نزدیک بستر و یا روی کف بستر، در قسمت های میان آبی تا سطح آب و در برخی گونه ها با قابلیت پرواز، زندگی و تغذیه می کنند.. Subtropical

پراكنش كشورها | مناطق سازمان خوار و بار جهاني (FAO) | Ecosystems | ظهور | Point map | معرفي | Faunafri

Asia: streams flowing to the southeastern Black Sea coast in Turkey, from the Yeşilırmak drainage in the west and the Coruh drainage in the east. Expected to be present in Georgia, at least in the lower Coruh.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / سن

Maturity: Lm ?, range 16 - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm SL جنس نر / بدون خواص جنسي; (Ref. 85599)

توصيف مختصر كليدهاي شناسايي | ريخت شناسي | ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري

شعاع نرم باله مخرجي: 10 - 12; مهره ها: 55 - 60. Distinguished from all its congeners in Turkey and adjacent waters by the combination of the following characters: large size, reaches up to at least 80 cm SL; body silvery in life; black spots on body medium to large (equal to or small than pupil), ocellated with circular white ring, scattered on back (sometimes present in predorsal area immediately in front of dorsal fin), middle and upper part of flank, and anterior part of lower half of flank in males larger than 23 cm SL, their number increasing with size; red spots irregularly shaped, surrounded with an irregular white ring, not conspicuous, scattered on a broad longitudinal area along middle of flank, their number increasing with size in specimens larger than 23 cm SL; head somewhat short (length 24.1-28.4% SL in both sexes), approximately 1.0-1.2 times body depth at dorsal-fin origin; maxilla short (length 8.5-10.7% SL in males, 8.5-9.6 in females), reaching beyond eye in specimens larger than 15 cm SL, upper edge convex posteriorly; and adipose fin somewhat deep, upper edge convex anteriorly (Ref. 85599).

زيست شناسي     واژه نامه (بعنوان مثال epibenthic)

Found in clear and moderately swift flowing water, with a substrate of sand and pebbles. Prefers to inhabit middle stretches of the main branches of rivers and streams, sometime the lower stretches. Also occurs in very short coastal streams (less than 5 km) and usually has not been encountered in intermediate size streams (5-35 km). Moves to the sea or the lower stretches of streams and rivers after spawning, where it stays until about April-May, when temperatures of the water start to rise. Possibly does not go far into the sea, but may stay in river mouths or at sea close to river mouths during winter. Spawns in October-November. Migrates upstreams in small groups of more than 10 individuals and probably comes back after breeding (Ref. 85599).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturities | تولید مثل | Spawnings | Egg(s) | Fecundities | توزاد ( لارو)

مآخذ اصلی Upload your references | مراجع | هماهنگ كننده | همكاران

Turan, D., M. Kottelat and S. Engin, 2009. Two new species of trouts, resident and migratory, sympatric in streams of northern Anatolia (Salmoniformes: Salmonidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 20(4):333-364. (Ref. 85599)

وضعيت در فهرست قرمز IUCN (Ref. 130435)

  نزديک به تهديد شدن (NT) (A2c); Date assessed: 15 March 2013

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

خطر برای انسان ها

  Harmless





استفاده انسانی

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

اطلاعات بيشتر

Trophic ecology
اقلام غذايي
Diet compositions
Food consumptions
Food rations
شکارچیان
Population dynamics
Growths
Max. ages / sizes
Length-weight rel.
Length-length rel.
نوسانات طولی
Mass conversions
Recruitments
Abundances
Life cycle
تولید مثل
Maturities
Fecundities
Spawnings
Spawning aggregations
Egg(s)
Egg developments
توزاد ( لارو)
پويايي لاروي
Anatomy
Gill areas
مغزها
Otoliths
Physiology
Body compositions
Nutrients
Oxygen consumptions
Swimming type
Swimming speeds
Visual pigment(s)
صداهاي ماهي ها
Diseases / Parasites
Toxicities (LC50s)
Genetics
ژنتيك
Electrophoreses
Heritabilities
Human related
Aquaculture systems
نمايه هاي آبزي پروري
نژادها
Ciguatera cases
Stamps, coins, misc.
Outreach
همكاران
Taxonomy
اسامي عام
مترادف
ريخت شناسي
ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري
عکس ها
References
مراجع

ابزارها

گزارش های ويژه

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منابع اينترنتي

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00488 - 0.02245), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
جهندگی (Ref. 120179):  خیلی آهسته, كمينه زمان لازم براي دو برابر شدن جمعيت بيش از 14 سال (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (59 of 100).