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Triakis maculata Kner & Steindachner, 1867

Spotted houndshark
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Image of Triakis maculata (Spotted houndshark)
Triakis maculata
Picture by Carvalho Filho, A.

Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinônimos | Catalog of Fishes(Gênero, Espécies) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (tubarões e raias) (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes (Ground sharks) > Triakidae (Houndsharks) > Triakinae
Etymology: Triakis: tri-, from tres (L.), three; akis (Gr.), point, referring to each tooth consisting of one large central cusp flanked on by both sides by a small cusplet. (See ETYFish);  maculata: Latin for spotted, referring to many small black spots on body (some specimens are unspotted). (See ETYFish).
More on authors: Kner & Steindachner.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

marinhas demersal. Tropical; 0°S - 30°S

Distribuição Países | Áreas da FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Galapagos Islands and from Peru to northern Chile. Mexican records of this species are erroneous.

Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 180 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 244)

Biologia     Glossário (p.ex. epibenthic)

Found on the continental shelf, mostly inshore. Possibly to 240 cm. Probably feeds on benthic invertebrates (Ref. 28023). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449), with about 14 young to a litter. Size of full-term fetuses 30 to 40 cm. Utilized for human consumption.

Ciclo de vida ou comportamento de acasalamento Maturities | Reprodução | Spawnings | Egg(s) | Fecundities | Larvas

Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Colaboradores

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)

Status na Lista Vermelha da UICN (Ref. 130435)

  Criticamente em perigo (CR) (A2bd); Date assessed: 07 February 2019

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para os humanos

  Harmless





Uso pelos humanos

Pescarias: pouco comercial
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Mais informação

Trophic ecology
Itens alimentares
Diet compositions
Food consumptions
Food rations
Predadores
Ecology
Ecologia
Population dynamics
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Max. ages / sizes
Length-weight rel.
Length-length rel.
Frequências de comprimento
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Abundances
Life cycle
Reprodução
Maturities
Fecundities
Spawnings
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Egg(s)
Egg developments
Larvas
Dinâmica larval
Distribution
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BRUVS - Videos
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Oxygen consumptions
Tipo de natação
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Visual pigment(s)
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Diseases / Parasites
Toxicities (LC50s)
Genetics
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Human related
Aquaculture systems
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Ciguatera cases
Stamps, coins, misc.
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References
Referências

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Fontes da internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Checar Observador de Peixes (FishWatcher) | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Gênero, Espécies | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genoma, nucleotídeo | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Árvore da vida | Wikipedia: Ir para, procura | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Registro zoológico

Estimates based on models

Índice de diversidade filogenética (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00240 (0.00110 - 0.00521), b=3.14 (2.96 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  Baixo, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 4,5 - 14 anos (Fec=14).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (90 of 100).
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   High.