Soleichthys microcephalus, Smallhead sole

You can sponsor this page

Soleichthys microcephalus (Günther, 1862)

Smallhead sole
Waarneming toevoegen in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Soleichthys microcephalus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Uploaden van uw Foto's en video's
Pictures | Google afbeelding
Image of Soleichthys microcephalus (Smallhead sole)
Soleichthys microcephalus
Picture by Graham, K.

Classificatie / Names Lokale namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Soleidae (Soles)
Etymology: Soleichthys: Latin, solea = sandal (shoe) + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Günther.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

marien; brak water demersaal; diepte 3 - 43 m (Ref. 76812). Subtropical; 30°S - 34°S (Ref. 76812)

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystemen | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Southwest Pacific: warm-temperate New South Wales, Australia.

Grootte / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm TL mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 9002)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 71-84; Anale zachte stralen: 61 - 71; Wervels: 43 - 45. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: vertebrae 43-45; dorsal-fin rays 71-84; anal-fin rays 61-71; lateral-line scales 81-89; ocular-side pigmentation pattern consists of 8-10 dark-brown to black, mostly complete crossbands on the body, with these bands noticeably wider than the alternating lighter-colored crossbands; 3 dark brown crossbands continuous across head; 2 conspicuous white spots in longitudinal series on the ocular-side midline; 2 elongated ocular-side pectoral-fin rays of nearly equal length or with the second fin ray longer than first; small scales on bases and proximal halves of elongated ocular-side pectoral-fin rays (Ref. 76812).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (bv. epibenthic)

Found in estuaries and harbors, usually buried in muddy substrate (Ref. 9002). Move with undulating body when disturbed, reminiscent of distasteful flatworm, thus possibly deterring predators (Ref. 9002).

Levenscyclus en paargedrag Maturiteit | Voortplanting | Paaien | Eieren | Fecunditeit | Larven

Hoofdreferentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Munroe, T.A. and S.B. Menke, 2004. Two new soleid flatfishes (Pleuronectiformes: Soleidae: Soleichthys) from Australian waters, with a re-description of Soleichthys microcephalus (Günther). Rec. Aust. Mus. 56:247-258. (Ref. 76812)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 25 January 2021

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaar voor de mens

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Meer informatie

Landen
FAO regio's
Ecosystemen
Voorkomen
Introducties
Stocks
Ecologie
Dieet
Voedselitems
Voedselconsumptie
Rantsoen
Lokale namen
Synoniemen
Metabolisme
Predatoren
Ecotoxicologie
Voortplanting
Maturiteit
Paaien
Paaiaggregaties
Fecunditeit
Eieren
Ontwikkeling van de eieren
Leeftijd/Grootte
Groei
Lengte-gewicht
Lengte-lengte
Lengtefrequenties
Morfometrie
Morfologie
Larven
Larvale populatiedynamiek
Rekrutering
Abundantie
BRUVS
Referenties
Aquacultuur
Aquacultuurprofiel
Kweeklijnen
Genetica
Allelfrequenties
Erfelijkheid
Ziektes
Verwerking
Nutrients
Massaconversie
Medewerkers
Afbeeldingen
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Geluiden
Ciguatera
Snelheid
Zwemstijl
Kieuwoppervlak
Otolieten
Hersenen
Zicht

Tools

Speciale rapporten

Download XML

Internetbronnen

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Bekijk FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genus, Soort(en) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genoom, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: ga naar, zoek | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 19.7 - 22.5, mean 21.3 °C (based on 12 cells).
Fylogenetische diversiteitsindex (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00456 - 0.02002), b=3.07 (2.90 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisch niveau (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100).