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Molva macrophthalma (Rafinesque, 1810)

Spanish ling
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2050
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Molva macrophthalma   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Molva macrophthalma (Spanish ling)
Molva macrophthalma
Female picture by Cambraia Duarte, P.M.N. (c)ImagDOP

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes(Marga, Jenis) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Gadiformes (Cods) > Lotidae (Hakes and burbots)
Etymology: More on author: Rafinesque.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

laut dasar (demersal); kisaran kedalaman 30 - 1000 m (Ref. 56504), usually 200 - 1000 m (Ref. 117150). Subtropical; 59°N - 30°N, 32°W - 36°E (Ref. 56844)

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Irish Atlantic slope south and including the Mediterranean.

Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 108 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 41333)

deskripsi pendek Kunci identifiaksi (pengenalan) | Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)) : 0; Duri dubur: 0.

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Occurs on the upper slope (Ref. 6144). Depth range from 388-754 in the eastern Ionian Sea (Ref. 56504).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturities | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Spawnings | Egg(s) | Fecundities | Larva

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator | mitra

Cohen, D.M., 1990. Gadidae. p. 526-531. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6144)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 130435)

  kurang bimbang (LC) ; Date assessed: 18 October 2014

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Harmless





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: tidak ada kepentingan
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

informasi lanjut

Trophic ecology
Bahan makanan
Diet compositions
Food consumptions
Food rations
Pemangsa
Ecology
Ekologi
Population dynamics
Growths
Max. ages / sizes
Length-weight rel.
Length-length rel.
ukuran frekuensi
Mass conversions
Recruitments
Abundances
Life cycle
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Maturities
Fecundities
Spawnings
Spawning aggregations
Egg(s)
Egg developments
Larva
Dinamika larva
Distribution
Negara-negara
Daerah-daerah FAO
Ecosystems
Kemunculan
Introduksi
BRUVS - Videos
Anatomy
Gill areas
Otak
Otoliths
Physiology
Body compositions
Nutrients
Oxygen consumptions
Swimming type
Swimming speeds
Visual pigment(s)
Suara-suara ikan
Diseases / Parasites
Toxicities (LC50s)
Genetics
Genetika
Electrophoreses
Heritabilities
Human related
Aquaculture systems
profil budidaya air
Strain
Ciguatera cases
Stamps, coins, misc.
Outreach
mitra
References
Acuan

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | semak peneliti ikan | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Marga, Jenis | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genom, Nukleotida | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Pangkalan data nasional | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: pergi, Cari | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 10 - 13.3, mean 11.2 °C (based on 90 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00224 (0.00127 - 0.00395), b=3.01 (2.85 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.8 se; based on diet studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  Rendah, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 4.5 - 14 tahun (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (65 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 39 [18, 92] mg/100g; Iron = 0.822 [0.419, 1.828] mg/100g; Protein = 17.9 [16.1, 19.7] %; Omega3 = 0.237 [0.121, 0.441] g/100g; Selenium = 55.8 [25.2, 118.1] μg/100g; VitaminA = 12.5 [3.1, 50.9] μg/100g; Zinc = 0.459 [0.276, 0.744] mg/100g (wet weight);