Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Siluridae
Etymology: Silurus: Greek, silouros = a cat fish + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Garman.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate; 40°N - 39°N, 19°E - 24°E
Europe: Acheloos drainage in Greece. Introduced in Lakes Pamvotis and Volvi.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 46.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 556); common length : 22.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9417); max. reported age: 10 years (Ref. 58504)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished from Silurus glanis by the following unique characters: one pair of mental barbels; and anal fin with 66-75½ rays (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits lowland rivers and nutrient-rich lakes. Feeds at night mainly on fish. Also preys on crustaceans, gastropods, insects, amphibians and aquatic snakes. Spawns in pairs. Attains first sexual maturity at 2-3 years of age (Ref. 59043).
Males defend small territories at the spawning sites and construct nests made of plant materials. They dig shallow depressions or clean spawnng substrate, at 2-3 m depth. They guard nests until larvae emerge. Spawns in pairs. Eggs hatch in 5 days (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00287 - 0.01153), b=3.00 (2.82 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=10; K=0.099-0.100;).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (65 of 100) .