Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Nemacheilidae
Etymology: Schistura: Greek, schizein = to divide + Greek, oura = tail; an allusion to forked caudal fins (Ref. 45335); megalodon: Derived from ancient Greek: μέγας for 'big' and 'οδούς
for 'tooth', in allusion to the large processus dentiformes of the upper jaw. A noun in nominative, indeclinable.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Subtropical; 12°C - ? (Ref. 103219)
Asia: Erganyahe River, Irrawaddy basin in China.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 103219)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. Schistura megalodonis distinguished by having a large processus dentiformes in the upper jaw, a short pre-anus length of 65.4%?66.3% of SL, long paired fins (pectoral: 20.8%?24.2% of SL; pelvic: 17.9%?20.6% of SL), a wide body of 9.7%?11.3% of SL at anal-fin origin, an incomplete lateral line, the absence of an orbital lobe, and a broad and distinct basicaudal bar with forward extensions (Ref. 103219).
Inhabits river with clear and moderate to fast running water over boulders, rocks, pebbles, sand, and twigs. Occurs together with Schizothorax malacanthus, Devario kakhienensis, Exostoma labiatum, Misgurnus anguillicaudatus, and Channa gachua.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Endruweit, M., 2014. Schistura megalodon species nova, a new river loach from the Irrawaddy basin in Dehong, Yunnan, China (Teleostei: Cypriniformes: Nemacheilidae). Zool. Res. 35(5):353-361. (Ref. 103219)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00383 - 0.01892), b=2.93 (2.74 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .