Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Scardinius: A range of lofty mountains, Scardus, forming the boundary between Moesia and Macedonia. More on authors: Bianco & Kottelat.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate
Europe: Lakes Ohrid (Macedonia, Albania) and Skadar (Montenegro, Albania).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 29.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 115170); max. published weight: 364.20 g (Ref. 115170)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished from other species of the genus by having shallow body, with depth from slightly more (in large specimens) to slightly less than head length, and usually 36-38 lateral line scales (range 35-39). Diagnosed further by the following combination of characters (none of them unique to the species): uniform silvery body coloration with a crescentic dark mark on each scale pocket, more or less evident in preserved specimens; 9 branched anal-fin rays; and 11-12 total gill rakers (Ref. 55977). Differs from its congeners in Balkan Peninsula by the combination of the following characters: 34-37 + 2-3 scales along lateral line; anal fin with 9½ branched rays; 10-12 gill rakers; back humped behind nape; articulation of lower jaw in front of anterior margin of eye; eye not close to dorsal head profile when viewed laterally; and all fins greyish (Ref. 59043).
Occurs in lakes (Ref. 55977). Inhabits deep pools and canals in swampy areas along lake shores or in floodplain. Breeds in April-May. Attains a maximum size of about 26 cm SL (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bianco, P.G. and M. Kottelat, 2005. Scardinius knezevici, a new species of rudd from Lake Skadar, Montenegro (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 16(3):231-238. (Ref. 55977)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00433 - 0.01753), b=3.04 (2.85 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .