Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salvelinus: Old name for char; it is the same root of german "saibling" = little salmon (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic. Temperate; 61°N - 39°N
Coastal and mountain streams of Arctic, Pacific, and Missouri River drainages from extreme southern Yukon in Canada to headwaters of Columbia River drainage in northern Nevada, USA, and McCloud River drainage in northern California, USA.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 72.0, range 58 - 86 cm
Max length : 103 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); common length : 62.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. published weight: 14.5 kg (Ref. 4699)
Occurs in deep pools of large cold rivers and lakes (Ref. 5723). Most common in high mountainous areas where snowfields and glaciers are present (Ref. 5723). Rarely anadromous (Ref. 5723, Ref. 51243). Lacustrine form matures in lakes and spawns in tributaries, where young reside for one to three years (Ref. 10367).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00473 - 0.02021), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.57 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (66 of 100) .