Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Lutjanidae
(Snappers) > Etelinae
Etymology: Pristipomoides: Greek, pristis = saw + Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Day.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 40 - 350 m (Ref. 9821), usually 125 - 275 m (Ref. 82366). Tropical; 32°N - 36°S, 33°E - 157°W
Indo-Pacific: East Africa and Red Sea to Samoa, and southern Japan southward to Australia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 41.7, range 35 - 50 cm
Max length : 90.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5484); common length : 70.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450); max. reported age: 30 years (Ref. 46116)
soft rays: 8. Interorbital space flat. Lower jaw slightly protruding. Bases of dorsal and anal fin without scales, their last soft rays extended into shorts filaments. Pectoral fins long, reaching level of anus. Scale rows on back parallel to lateral line. Side of snout and cheek with 2 golden stripes bordered with blue. Top of head with a series of chevron-shaped yellow bands.
Gold band snappers are deepwater fish inhabiting tropical and sub-tropical waters. They are schooling fish and live in areas of hard, rocky and uneven sea floor and steep off islands (Ref. 27354). They feed on fishes, shrimps, crabs, lobsters, stomatopods, squids, gastropods and urochordates. Marketed fresh. An excellent food fish. Maximum depth from Ref. 082366.
Studies in the South China Sea (Ref. 28116) and Hawaii (Ref. 28117) suggest that this species is a serial spawner (Ref. 28115). Similar studies in Australia suggest that this species is a multiple spawner, perhaps a serial spawner (Ref. 6390).
Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 12.3 - 23, mean 17 °C (based on 372 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01660 (0.00997 - 0.02764), b=2.95 (2.81 - 3.09), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.58 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.22-0.28; tmax=14; Fec=296,000).
Prior r = 0.67, 95% CL = 0.44 - 1.01, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): High to very high vulnerability (75 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 86.9 [48.1, 140.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.658 [0.367, 1.122] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [16.9, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.236 [0.135, 0.414] g/100g ; Selenium = 88.7 [48.8, 167.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 13 [5, 40] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.829 [0.541, 1.250] mg/100g (wet weight);