Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Pogonichthys: Greek, pogon = beard + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335). More on author: Ayres.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic. Temperate; 39°N - 36°N
North America: formerly throughout the Sacramento-San Joaquin River drainage in California, USA; now mostly in San Francisco Bay Delta and lower Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 44.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 5 years (Ref. 72485)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 9-10. Body long, slender and compressed; dorsal-fin origin in front of pelvic-fin origin; upper lobe of caudal fin longer than lower lobe; barbel at corner of slightly subterminal mouth; scales on lateral line 57-64, usually 60-62; dorsal fin with 9-10 rays; 1st gill arch with 14-18 rakers; pharyngeal teeth 2,5-5,2; olive-gray above, silver gold side; large specimen with hump on nape; and red-orange caudal and paired fins (Ref. 86798).
Inhabits lakes and backwaters and pools of rivers. Tolerant of brackish water (Ref. 5723, 86798).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00373 - 0.01944), b=3.08 (2.88 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .