Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Holocentriformes
(Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentridae
(Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Myripristinae
Etymology: Plectrypops: Greek,plektron = anything to strike with, spur + Greek, ops = appearance (Ref. 45335). More on author: Guichenot.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range - 22 m (Ref. 40101), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; - 24°S
Western Atlantic: Bermuda (Ref. 9710), southern Florida (USA), and the Bahamas to northern South America.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26340)
soft rays: 11. Small, chunky squirrelfish without a preopercular spine. Circumorbital bones have slender spines, those below eye forward-pointing (Ref. 26938). Body brilliant orangish red, fins somewhat paler. Spines near angle of preopercle somewhat enlarged. Soft dorsal, caudal and anal fins unscaled, their lobes broadly rounded (Ref. 7251).
Remains in deep recesses during the day. Rarely seen (Ref. 9710). Found in holes and caves in coral reefs (Ref. 26938).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.8 - 28.2, mean 27.4 °C (based on 745 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.00680 - 0.04650), b=3.02 (2.79 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 109 [47, 288] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.805 [0.417, 1.645] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [17.5, 20.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.151 [0.062, 0.362] g/100g ; Selenium = 29.6 [15.4, 59.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 48.8 [14.3, 170.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.42 [0.83, 2.43] mg/100g (wet weight);