Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Anthiinae
Etymology: Plectranthias: Greek, plektron = anyhting to strike with, spur + Greek, anthias = a fish, Sparus aurata (Ref. 45335); flammeus: Name from Latin 'flammeus', meaning fiery; referring to the brilliant red and yellow diagonal streak across the lower cheek and the red-yellow-orange blotches on the body; noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic. Tropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Eastern Central Pacific: Marquesas Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7;
Vertebrae: 26. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D X,14-15 with dorsal spines 1-6 with fleshy white tabs at tips of spines, longest tab on spine 4; 14 pectoral rays, all unbranched; lateral line incomplete, 16-17 tubed scales; 4 oblique rows of scales on cheek; scales on top of head extending anteriorly to vertical from posterior margin of orbit; maxilla scaleless; preopercle with 8-10 small spines along posterior margin and 2 antrorse spines on ventral margin; interopercle with 2-3 spines; subopercle with 1 spine; fourth dorsal spine longest; a broad, fiery red-orange streak across lower cheek; head and body with irregularly spaced maroon-ringed yellow blotches on a white background; an eye-sized, brilliant white saddle on top of caudal peduncle posterior to base of dorsal fin (Ref. 93435).
A cryptic species (Ref. 93435).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Williams, J.T., E. Delrieu-Trottin and S. Planes, 2013. Two new species of the subfamily Anthiinae (Perciformes, Serranidae) from the Marquesas. Zootaxa 3647(1):167-180. (Ref. 93435)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02455 (0.00951 - 0.06333), b=2.98 (2.75 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .