Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Pentanchidae
Etymology: Parmaturus: Latin, parma, -ae = a little shield + Greek, oura = tail; lanatus: Name from Latin 'lanatus' meaning soft like wool, referring to the velvety feel of its skin (Ref. 74543) More on authors: Séret & Last.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range - 855 m (Ref. 74543), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C -
Western Pacific: Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 36.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 74543)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This scyliorhinid catshark has the following set of characters: soft body, with velvety skin, long-cusped, tricuspidate denticles; plain brownish coloration; crests of small denticles (not enlarged) on the upper and lower caudal fin and peduncle margins; teeth are mainly quadricuspidate, about 90 rows in both jaws; first dorsal fin forward of mid-length, pre-first dorsal length 44.4% TL; pelvic fins and vent well in front of mid-length, pre-pelvic length 40.0% TL and pre-vent length 44.2% TL; relatively short snout, prenarial length 4.7% TL; relatively long mouth, its length 5.0% TL; labial furrows rudimentary; head longer than the abdomen, length 21.4% TL, pectoral-pelvic length 16.9% TL; dorsal fins are elevated, with anterior margins of first 9.2% and second 10.3% TL; subterminal caudal lobe developed, subterminal margin length 4.7% TL, terminal margin length 5.3% TL; 46 monospondylous centra; 85 precaudal centra, 134 total centra (Ref. 74543).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Séret, B. and P. Last, 2007. Four new species of deep-water catsharks of the genus Parmaturus (Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae) from New Caledonia, Indonesia and Australia. Zootaxa (2007):1-17. (Ref. 74543)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00324 (0.00154 - 0.00678), b=3.09 (2.90 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .