Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Pentanchidae
Etymology: Parmaturus: Latin, parma, -ae = a little shield + Greek, oura = tail; bigus: From Latin word 'bigus' meaning beige, referring to the general plain pale yellowish brown coloration of the fish (Ref. 74543) More on authors: Séret & Last.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range - 606 m (Ref. 74543), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C -
Western Pacific: Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 71.0 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This scyliorhinid catshark is characterized by the following: a soft body with velvety skin, with small tricuspidate denticles; plain pale yellowish brown coloration; fins yellowish brown with slightly paler edges; dorsal caudal crest well-developed, ventral crest distinct but weak, denticles enlarged on crest; teeth mainly tricuspidate, 120 rows in upper jaw; first dorsal fin slightly behind mid-length, pre-first dorsal length 54.9% TL; pelvic fins slightly forward of mid-length, pre-pelvic length 48.9% TL; vent at middle of body, pre-vent length 50.8% TL; relatively short snout, prenarial length 4.2% TL; short mouth, length 3.6% TL; short labial furrows, lower furrow longer than upper one, 1.7% and 1.2% TL respectively; head is not depressed, the height subequal to its width, with length shorter than abdomen, 19.8% TL; pectoral-pelvic length 25.4% TL; second dorsal fin larger than first, anterior margins of first 5.2% and second 9.3% TL; subterminal caudal lobe relatively small, with subterminal margin length 3.8% TL, terminal margin length 3.6% TL; 47 monospondylous centra; 102 precaudal centra, 144 total centra (Ref. 74543).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Séret, B. and P. Last, 2007. Four new species of deep-water catsharks of the genus Parmaturus (Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae) from New Caledonia, Indonesia and Australia. Zootaxa (2007):1-17. (Ref. 74543)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00324 (0.00154 - 0.00678), b=3.09 (2.90 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .