Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Scombriformes
(Mackerels) > Caristiidae
Etymology: Paracaristius: Name from the Greek 'para' meaning around or near and Caristius.; nudarcus: Name from Latin adjective nudus meaning 'bare' or 'naked' and the noun arcus for arch, referring to the absence of fingerlike papillae on the dorsal surface of the hyoid arch (Ref. 87954).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range 1 - 1800 m (Ref. 87954). Tropical; 40°N - 35°S (Ref. 87954)
Pacific, Indian and Atlantic Ocean: specimens were collected from the eastern and western Pacific Ocean, as well as the southern Indian and tropical Atlantic oceans.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 87954)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 17 - 20;
Vertebrae: 33 - 37. This species is distinguished from P. nemorosus and P. aquilus by the absence of fingerlike papillae along the dorsal margin of the hyoid arch and at the interhyal-posterior ceratohyal articulation and by having fewer dorsal-fin rays, 27-31 (vs. 30-33 in P. nemorosus and P. aquilus); has more anal-fin rays, 17-20 (vs. 15-18); differs from P. maderensis by the position of the dorsal-fin origin which is above orbit (vs. posterior to orbit in P. maderensis), single row arrangement of the jaw teeth except near symphyses (vs. multiple rows in P. maderensis) (Ref. 87954).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Stevenson, D.E. and C.P. Kenaley, 2011. Revision of the manefish genus Paracaristius (Teleostei: Percomorpha: Caristiidae), with descriptions of a new genus and three new species. Copeia 2011(3):385-399 (Ref. 87954)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 5.3 - 15.6, mean 9.4 °C (based on 978 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .