Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Scombriformes
(Mackerels) > Caristiidae
Etymology: Paracaristius: Name from the Greek 'para' meaning around or near and Caristius.; nemorosus: Name from Latin adjective nemorosus, meaning 'forested' or 'wooded', referring to the various series of mutifid papillae in the mouth and branchial chamber (Ref. 87954).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range 750 - 1550 m (Ref. 87954). Tropical; 20°N - 10°S (Ref. 87954)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 87954); 20.0 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 15 - 18;
Vertebrae: 34 - 37. This species is distinguished from P. maderensis and P. nudarcus by having fingerlike papillae along the dorsal margin of the hyoid arch and at the interhyal-posterior ceratohyal articulation, with dorsal-fin rays 30-33 (vs. 27-31), fewer anal-fin rays 15-18 (vs. 17-20); differs from P. aquilus by having greater body depth, >50% SL (vs <50% SL in P. aquilus) and its short and deep caudal-peduncle (vs. relatively long and shallow in P. aquilus) (Ref. 87954).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Stevenson, D.E. and C.P. Kenaley, 2011. Revision of the manefish genus Paracaristius (Teleostei: Percomorpha: Caristiidae), with descriptions of a new genus and three new species. Copeia 2011(3):385-399 (Ref. 87954)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 4.4 - 5.7, mean 4.5 °C (based on 9 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .