Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Scombriformes
(Mackerels) > Caristiidae
Etymology: Paracaristius: Name from the Greek 'para' meaning around or near and Caristius.; aquilus: Name from Latin aquilus meaning 'dark in color', referring to the black peritoneum.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range 617 - 1480 m (Ref. 87954). Tropical; 25°N - 17°S, 11°E - 18°W (Ref. 87954)
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Atlantic Ocean: south east Atlantic, off Angola.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 87954); 19.2 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 16 - 17;
Vertebrae: 35 - 37. This species is distinguished from P. maderensis and P. nudarcus by having fingerlike papillae along the dorsal margin of the hyoid arch and at the interhyal-posterior ceratohyal articulation, as well as having more dorsal-fin rays (30-33 versus 27-31 in P. maderensis and P. nudarcus) and fewer anal-fin rays (15-18 versus 17-20 in the 2 latter species); Paracaristius aquilus differs from P. nemorosus by its lesser body depth (<50% SL in P. aquilus vs. >50% SL in P. nemorosus) and caudal-peduncle depth (relatively long and shallow in P. aquilus vs. short and deep in P. nemorosus) (Ref. 87954).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Stevenson, D.E. and C.P. Kenaley, 2011. Revision of the manefish genus Paracaristius (Teleostei: Percomorpha: Caristiidae), with descriptions of a new genus and three new species. Copeia 2011(3):385-399 (Ref. 87954)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 3.8 - 5.4, mean 4.2 °C (based on 14 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .