Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 5.5 - 6.5; dH range: ? - 5. Tropical; 24°C - 30°C (Ref. 1672)
Asia: Malay Peninsula extending from Singapore to Terengganu, from Sumatra (Banka and Riau) and Borneo (Sarawak and the Kapuas and Mahakam basins).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1672)
Vertebrae: 46 - 51. In Malay Peninsula, it is distinguished by its color pattern consisting of a more or less conspicuous mid-lateral series of irregular blotches, sometimes forming a mid-lateral stripe; back finely mottled, with a median row of large black saddles or any intermediate pattern; a vertical black blotch at caudal base; caudal mottled; median lobe of lower lip produced into a barbel.
Facultative air-breathing in the genus (Ref. 126274); Occurs in forest streams with muddy bottom and leaf litter accumulations (Ref. 56749). Found in brown or slightly black waters, usually among leaf litter (Ref. 13770).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and K.K.P. Lim, 1993. A review of the eel-loaches of the genus Pangio (Teleostei: Cobitidae) from the Malay Peninsula, with descriptions of six new species. Raffles Bull. Zool. 41(2):208-210. (Ref. 13770)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00241 - 0.01141), b=3.05 (2.87 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).