Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Derichthyidae
Etymology: Nessorhamphus: Greek, nessa, netta = duck + Greek, rhamphos = bill, peak (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 0 - 1800 m (Ref. 58018). Deep-water
Eastern Atlantic: France to Morocco; off the Cape, South Africa (Ref. 6592). Also known from temperate and subtropical latitudes of the western Atlantic, southwestern Indian, and southwest Pacific.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 123983)
spines: 0. Dark brown in color (Ref. 6592). Snout long, depressed, and spatulate in form; lateral line distinct; pectoral fin long, subequal to snout; dorsal and anal fin rays abruptly become shorter near tip of tail and once again become longer, so it appears an independent caudal fin is present (Ref. 13608).
Mesopelagic (Ref. 5951). Feeds mainly on crustaceans.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith, D.G., 1990. Derichthyidae. p. 193-194. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 5228)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 1 - 14.5, mean 7.8 °C (based on 1032 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.8750 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming tmax>10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 25.1 [12.4, 50.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.407 [0.227, 0.745] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [16.2, 20.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.342 [0.146, 0.887] g/100g ; Selenium = 18 [7, 43] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 8.97 [1.71, 46.25] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.516 [0.350, 0.785] mg/100g (wet weight);