Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 10 - 70 m (Ref. 6871). Subtropical; 19°S - 26°S, 112°E - 121°E (Ref. 114953)
Eastern Indian Ocean: endemic to Western Australia
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 18 - ? cm
Max length : 29.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6871)
Found in the continental shelf (Ref. 7300). Feeds on benthic worms and other invertebrates (Ref. 6871). Reaches maturity at ca. 18 cm TL (Ref. 114953); size at birth 7 cm (Ref. 6871). Taken by prawn fishers (Ref. 6871). Occasionally caught as trawl bycatch (Ref. 114953).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.5 - 27.3, mean 26.5 (based on 28 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00390 - 0.02813), b=2.87 (2.64 - 3.10), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.31 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming fecundity<100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .