Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Macropharyngodon: Greek, makros = great + Greek, pharyngx = pharynx + Greek,odous = teeth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 5 - 55 m (Ref. 9710), usually 10 - 55 m (Ref. 27115). Tropical
Western Pacific: presently known only from New Caledonia to the southern Great Barrier Reef and New South Wales (Australia).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334)
soft rays: 12. Body light orangish with a bluish white spot on each scale, a large black spot on opercle rimmed in blue and a small blackish spot behind eye. Teeth spatulate (except canine at corner of mouth). Caudal peduncle short, its length 2.3 to 2.5 in least depth (Ref 9823).
Occurs inshore (Ref. 75154). Found in areas of mixed sand, rubble, and algae (Ref. 9710).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E., 1978. A revision of the Indo-Pacific labrid fish genus Macropharyngodon, with descriptions of five new species. Bull. Mar. Sci. 28(4):742-770. (Ref. 2694)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21.5 - 27, mean 25.4 °C (based on 144 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00475 - 0.02106), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 126 [72, 270] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.844 [0.479, 1.480] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [15.9, 21.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.179 [0.106, 0.299] g/100g ; Selenium = 26.9 [14.1, 49.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 148 [47, 491] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.94 [1.30, 3.49] mg/100g (wet weight);