Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Zoarcoidei
(Eelpouts and pricklebacks) > Zoarcidae
(Eelpouts) > Lycodinae
Etymology: Lycodes: Greek, lykos = wolf + Greek, suffix, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 25 - 1187 m (Ref. 58426). Polar; 84°N - 42°N, 180°W - 180°E
Arctic: Arctic Alaska, Smith Sound, northwest Greenland, Kara Sea, Barents Sea, off Spitsbergen, coast of Norway, Wyville-Thomson Ridge, Iceland, northeast Greenland, and localities off western Greenland.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 44.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11976)
Benthic; feeds on crustaceans (Ref. 58426). Switches feeding habits with increasing size. Smaller eelpouts eat mainly endobenthic prey, larger individuals feed more on epibenthic prey (Ref. 13532).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
McAllister, D.E., M.E. Anderson and J.G. Hunter, 1981. Deep-water eelpouts, Zoarcidae, from Arctic Canada and Alaska. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 38(7):821-839. (Ref. 11976)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): -0.9 - 4, mean 0.8 °C (based on 1789 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00240 (0.00116 - 0.00496), b=3.24 (3.06 - 3.42), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (65 of 100) .