Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Zoarcoidei
(Eelpouts and pricklebacks) > Zoarcidae
(Eelpouts) > Lycodinae
Etymology: Lycenchelys: Greek, lykos = wolf + Greek, enchelys, -yos = eel (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 202 - 930 m (Ref. 34267), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; -1°C - 4°C (Ref. 34267)
Arctic, Northwest to Northeast Atlantic: north of Novaya Zemlya and northern part of Kara Sea (Ref. 4695); then from Greenland, Hudson Strait, north of Iceland, Faroe Islands, Svalbard and Laptev Sea (Ref. 34267).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 16.0, range 14 - 18 cm
Max length : 23.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11954)
Benthic; feeds on clams (Ref. 58426).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Anderson, M.E., 1994. Systematics and osteology of the Zoarcidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. 60:120 p. (Ref. 11954)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): -0.1 - 4.6, mean 1.8 °C (based on 848 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00141 (0.00079 - 0.00254), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.30 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .